Imphal Review of Arts and Politics

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RK Meghen (Sanayaima) while in NIA custody in Guwahati meeting the press outside the NIA court after a hearing.

Idea of a Sovereign Manipur: Interview of RK Meghen, former Chairman of the United National Liberation Front

The following is an interview of RK Meghen, former Chairman of the outlawed United National Liberation Front, who was arrested in 2010, pronounced guilty by the NIA Court in 2016, and released in November 2019. The interview took place in January 2013 through exchange of letters while Meghen was an undertrial prisoner at the Guwahati Central Jail. This interview was part of a book project, which could not materialise as several other insurgent organisations, for whatever their reasons, did not respond to requests for interviews or email questionnaire. The texts of the interview (questions and answers) are in Meeteirol (Manipuri language) written in Latin script. I am now placing in the public domain so that anyone may access it.

 

Dr. Malem Ningthouja

Saturday, October 15, 2022.

 

I
On history and historiography

 

Malem: (Historiography) History haibasi meeyoibana eebani. Manipurga mari leinaba tongan tonganba history kaya lei haina haijaning-ee. Manipur asi Mahabharatki Manipur ni haiba history leikhre. Masibu araanbani haiba history kaya amsu puthokkhre. Manipur asi yelhoungeidagi leiraklaba leibak amani haina territory da yumfam oiba history amasu chatnari. Masigi onna teinabada Naga Lanhoubasingna eeba history da Naga asi tonganba furupni haina eeri. Eekui kuidringeida puthokpa The History of Kuki Hills (2010) asida Kuki gi lam asiga Manipur ga tongan tonganba puwari oina eeri. Asigumba amaga amaga yetnaba history sing asi kanana chumbano kanana lanbano haibasi judgement piba eerai laina thokte khalli. Masida adomgi amasung party gi observation kari leibibage?

Meghen: “Manipur” asi phurup, salai (tribe) kayana khundaminnaba leibakni. Manipur kouba ming asidi 18th suba chahicha hourakpada nouna amuk thonkhiba ming oiba maramna leipak asi Mahabharat ki Manipur adu natte haibasidi yetnaningai leitraba historical truth ni. Aduga, Manipur asi yelhoungeidagee leiraklaba leipak amani haibasida 33 A.D. da “Nongda Lairen Pakhangba” na ningthou oina paanba houkhiba matam adudagee “Bodh Chandra” ningthou gee tangkak phaoba isinduna thamlakliba “Cheitharol Kumpaba” na sengna tak-i. Asumna, Manipur asi 1826 tadi yumlonnaba leipak singda nattana British nasu masak khanglaba ngamkheiga sagonnaba saktam leiraba maning tamba leipak international entity ama oirakkhi.

British imperialist singna Manipur da changlakpa houkhibadagee Manipur gee ching-gee lamda khundaba salai (tribe) mayam ama makhoina peeba “Naga” haiba apunba saktam asida punsillakkhi. Konnadi “Old Kuki” gee manung chanba Anal, Lamkang nachingba salai (tribe) singbu “Naga” gee saktam asida punshillakkhi. Masi hanna leiramdaba “Naga” haiba phurupki saktam asi thorakkhibagee historical process ni. Process asi 1956 tagee houna changsillakkhiba maning tamba Nagaland semnaba armed struggle aduna henna khongjel yagsilhallakkhi. Struggle asida Manipur gee Naga singdasu eethil saaphu henna pirakkhi. Naga gee lanhou asi Assam lamda yamna anti-Assamese oiba sentiment amada yumpham oiraga sagatlakkhi, aduga Maipur dana anti-Meitei oiba sentiment ta lanhou asi sagatlakkhi. (1)

Masi matam adugee Assam amadi Manipur gee Naga elite sing-gee wakhal mityengni. Masigee historical reasons leitaba natte. Khudam oina “Hindu” laininglon na chatnahanba amang-aseng, etc. Adubu masi leiragasu, mapung oiba historical process adu naatheiraga, rather distort touraga anouba history ama invent tounaba hotnariba asidi passing phenomenon oigani.

Amaromda, ngasi Manipur da khundariba Kuki singdi ayambana, Chassad kouba ariba khul khara nattana, British singna pusillak-lambani haibasidi historical fact ni. Haanna nomadic tribe oiba punsirol amada hingduna leiramba kuki singsu konnadi Naga lanhougee cheitheng phangba hourakpadagee masi ngakthoknaba laallong oina makhoisu “Kukigam” gee ehou sagatpa hourakkhi. Houjikti Kuki singsu Manipur dagee natheinaba history ama inaba hotnarakli.

Asumna, Naga amadi Kuki singna puthoknaba hotnariba distorted history asida ngasi leiriba India gee leingaklon amasung constitution nasu encourage touba phivamsu leiri. Haibadi India gee constitution da piba provision matung inna “ST” singna magee magee “right” khaktamak taanba ehousingna phurupsing-gee marakta antagonistic contradiction thok-halliba phivam, loinana “divide & rule” gee thousil na ethnic sentiments encourage touduna leiriba ethnic divide as henna-henna chaothok-hallakli.

Assam, Manipur da chahi kaya khundaminnaraklaba machin-manao phurup sing-gee marakta nungsi-channana hingminnabagee wakhallon saagatpa ngamhandanaba India leingakna kanna hotnari. Masi Western Southeast Asia (WESIA) ngasi “NE Region” haina khangnariba lamdam asida khundariba yelhou phurup pumnamakna maiyokminnariba phivamni. Manipur amadi lamdam asigee mapung oiba historical process and development ni. Khundaminariba yelhou phurup pumnamak amaga-amaga mapan tangnana hingminnaba amasung chaokhatminnabagee punsirol ama semgatminnaba asina oipham thok-i.

Malem: (History) Adomgi party na eebiba history adugi samlappa mapung oiba summary haibiyu.

 Meghen: Manipur asi machin-manao oiba phurup kayamukna chahicha kaya khundaminnarakpa leipakni. Manipur tampak ta khundariba phurup singsu khunthokrakpa gee ngallingei matamda chingdagee khunthorakkhibani haibagee wari asi folklore kayada yaobada nattana scientific basis leiba waphamni. (Makhel Koubru ching dagee tampakta khuthorakkhiba).

Tampakta khunthorakkhhraba salai (tribe) signa leihao chenba tampak lamda amadi potthok puthokpagee henna khudong chaba phivam leiba chingdagee chenthrakpa turel phangba maramna ngallingei matamdagee civilisation ama semgatpa ngamlakkhi.

Ngallingei salai (tribe) gee thakta leiringeida amaga-amaga ngak kaknaduna amadi laan tounaduna leirambadu ningthou Kiyamba gee matamdagi leingak amagee makhada punsinduna Meetei/ Meetei haiba apunba phurup amagee saktam (identity) asi thorakkhi. Adubu Chinggee lamdadi lambi-thong khudong chadaba amadi potthok-puthokpada tampak lamdouna khudong chaba leitaba maramna tampak lamda semgatlakliba civilisation adudagee sotthaduna leihoukhi. Asumna British imperialist signa khudum chankhraba matung phana kuiba phaoba chinggee lamdadi khul amaga khul amaga ngak kaknaba toktri. British singna thinglaba matungdata ngak-kaknaba tokpa hourakkhi.

Tampak lamda apunba phurup amagee saktam semgatpa hourakkhiba process asida chingda khundaba salai (tribe) singsu mahousa oiba mawongda punsillakpa yaba phivam leirammi. Adubu 18th suba chahicha hourakpada Meitei ningthouna Hindu laininglon louduna masina leipakki laininglon oigani haina namphu sijinnaduna chatnaba hourakkhiba, aduga laininglon asibu politics ki khutlai oina sijinnaduna insillakkhiba mayang lamboiba gee thousilna ahaanba oina eikhoigee khunnaida “amang-aseng” amadi makhoigi “caste – system” gee kaakhal sing adu chatnahallakhi. Loinana haanna maikei khuding sinba thungna yenglamba asaanba mityeng adudagee hanjinllaklaga tampak mayol da ungduna leiba laining-laisol amadi masigee mari leinaba anouba harao kumhei amadi esei- jagoi da luptuna leiraba phurup ama oihallakkhi. Haibadi, lamdam asida apunba phurup ama semgatpagee lourakkhiba historical responsibility adu tangkak asidagee Meitei singna louba ngamkhidre.

Aduga, ngallingei matamda “leipakna naama – ningthouna naama” haiduna leiramba democracy gee leechat chenba leingak wayel adu “ningthou palli khangdra?” haiba Hinduism ga loinarakpa ningthouna supna paanba feudalism gee leechat chatpa hourakkhi. Amaromdana, chingmee salai (tribe) singbu “sokna- samnaba yadaba hanthaba meeoisingni” haina thaapna inthokpa houkhi. Masina Manipur da khundaminnariba salai (tribe), phurup mayam asi apunba saktam amada taasin-khomjinbagee phivam thugairakkhi. Konnadi ching-gee lamda “Christian” laininglon sandoklaklaba matungdadi Hindu ollaba Meitei singga Christian ollaba Chingmee singgagee marakta thorakkhiba anouba contradiction asina khunnai asi saathina sonthahankhi.

Manipur gi mayon lamdagee inthoraklaba phivam asina Manipur gee Naga salai (tribe) singna ningtamba Nagaland gee lanhouda mathang mathang yaosinkhiduna ngasidi taisinnaba yararoida leisemlon-gee contradiction ama oirakli.

Hairiba phivam asi Kuki singdasu khara makhei maannana thorakhi. Manipur da matam kuina khundaraklaba Kuki singna Manipur (Meitei) dagee tonganba history ama inabadi hotnade, masi inaba hotnariba asidi Manipur da nouna khul honglakpa Kuki singgee anouba meerol singni.

 

II
On party and ideology

 

Malem: (Ideology) Political party khudingmakki mapung oina chatnaba wakhallon lei haina khanjei. Amaromda malemgi eetihasta yaol purakkhiba amasung puraknaba hotnakhiba party khudingmak wakhallon amamamda yumfam oikhi. Adomgi party asi ningthina structure leiraba political party amana haina loujei. Adomgi party gi wakhallon adu samlapna fongdokpiyu.

 UNLF asi Marxism- Leninism – Maoism gee wakhallon amasung malem pumbada chatnaba yaraba wayel sing (universal principles) da thajaba party ni. Hairiba wakhallon pomit (ideology) asina lamjing wayel (guiding principle) oiraga Manipur gee akaknaba phivam sing marik chumna macha khaina puthokpa amasung madugee matung inna yawol-lanhou saagatpagee paring (revolutionary line) lepkadabani haibasi UNLF ki wakhallon pomit ki oiba phirep ni.

Malem: (Objectivity) Party gi wakhallon asi kadaifaoba Manipur gi oiriba fivamga chussannahanba ngamee natraga ngamgani haibasu samlapna thambiyu.

Meghen: Mathakta haikhriba ideology asina Manipur gee oiriba phivam sing, haibadi muknaba sing (contradictions), macha khaina khangba ngamhalli. Loinana chunaba wakheirol (solution) singsu puthokpa ngamhalli. Haibadi – Manipur asi India na 1949 da namduna lousinkhibadagee makhoigee loilam leingak makhada leirakliba kaitharaklaba feudal khunnai ama oirakli. Phivam asidadi 1949 dagee Manipur ga India gage marakta thorakkhiba taisinnaba yadraba national contradiction asina khwaidagee maru oiba contradiction oiri. Manipur manung-gee muknaba sing, haibadi class contradictions, ching-tam gee contradictions, rural-urban contradictions, etc. asidi secondary contradiction ngaktani. Objective analysis asida yumfam oiraga UNLF na lourakliba line di – Principal contradiction asi wakheinaba ningtam lanhou ama changsinba (haibadi Manipur gee ningtamba hanjinba) amasung masi ngamnabageedamak mari leinaba secondary contradiction pumnamakki achumba wakheirol puthoknaba Manipur manunggee apunba paanggal sagatpa asini.

Malem: (Inner contradiction) Party gi manungda political line-gi matangda yetnaba (struggle) leiba tarabadi mapung oiba yetnabasing adu sugaina thambiyu.

Meghen: Party gee oina warep loukhraba political line dadi party manungda yetnaba leite. Adubu warep loubagee process tadi khennaba wakhallon mityeng adumak thokkhi. Masidi mahousani.

Malem: (Unity of opposites) Matou karamna political line-gi yetnaba adu puduna chatli natraga resolve touee haibadu sugaina thambiyu.

Meghen: “Unity and struggle of opposites” haibadi contradiction haibasi ‘development’ pumnamakki yumfamni. Aduna party amadasu contradictions leigani. UNLF tasu party maunggee contradiction sing, political line da nattana atei wapham singsu, khanna neinaraga yarimakhei amatta oina warep lounaba hotnei. Haibadi khennabasing adu mapung phana puthoknaraba matungda, thesis- anti thesis- synthesis ki process ta achumba warep ama lunaba hotnei. Asumna, party manung-gee struggle (khennaba puthoknaba) asina party gee unity asi continuous process amada chetsilhalli, haifet level amada pukhatli. Adubu tangai phadaba warep ama lougadaba oirabadi ‘vote’ lounaraga warep loubagee provision leitabadi natte. Asumna louba warep adu ‘minority’ nasu in-gadabani.

Malem: (Party formation) Adomgi party matou karamna semlakkhibagi wafam adu thambiyu.

Meghen: Manipur gee ningtamba hanjin-gadabani haiba wakhal paring asida thajaba mareipak nungsijaba meeoisingna lamyanba Irabot ka samnaramba meeoi kharaga punsillaga UNLF asi 24 November 1964 da lingkhatkhibani. Manipur da chahicha kaya khundaminnaraklaba machin manao oiba phurup pumnamak masa masa gee top toppa saktam ngakchaba amasung chaokhat-hanbagee matik mangan leiba, amaga amaga top toppa saktam eeaki-khumnaba, amaga amaga mapan tangnana hingminnaba amasung chaokhat minnabagee wakhallonda yumpham oiba maning tamba leipak ama seminnaba amadi thaak khudingmakta autonomy leiba meeyamgi leingak (people’s democracy) purakpa haibasi UNLF ki political line ni. Maram aduna UNLF ti hek houbadagee houna phurup amakhaktagee oiba wakhallon (ethno exclusive ideology) paringda thabak tourakte. Rather masi oppose touduna laak-i. Maram asimakna, UNLF ki founder president Naga amana oikhi (Kalanlung Kamei), Kuki amana founder Vice President oikhi (Thongkhopao Singshit), aduga Meitei amana founder General Secretary oikhi (Arambam Somarendra).

Malem: (Party achievement) Adomgi party na semlakpadagi houjikfaobada oiriba achievement adu thambiyu.

Meghen: UNLF ki achievementk asi tangkak ahum thona yengba yai — (1) Unarmed propaganda (1964-1990); (2) Armed propaganda (1991-2000); amasung (3) Armed struggle (2001- to date). Unarmed propaganda gee tangkakta Manipur meeyamda, maru oina naharolsingda, mareipak nungsiba gee ehou ama saagatpa ngamkhi. Ehou asi saagatnaba hotnabada, tongan tonganba lup singgee khutthangda Manipur gee ningtambaga mari leinaba history gee thoudok sing nouhounana puthoktuna meeyamgee wakhalda anouba maiyon ama piba ngamkhi. Panba yaba thouram sing adudi Khongjom Day amasung Patriots Day asini. Tangkak asida, Manipur bu India na namduna lousinkhibagge thoudok adu kupna thijillaba matungda meeyamda khanghanba ngamkhi. Loinana, Lamyaanba Irabot pu Manipur gee ahaanba meeyamgi luchingba oina nouhounana puthoktuna mahakna social reformer ama oina tourakkhiba thabaksing amadi revolutionary leader ama oina touramba thabaksing Manipur meeyamda khanghanba ngamkhi.

Armed propaganda gee tangkakta, matam duda Manipur meeyamna maru oina nupi khunnaina, state government ki mayokta yamna pennadaba wapham ama oirakkhiba nupida nattaba lamchat chatpasing phaaraga cheirak pibagee thabak amatta loukhattaba adu yenglaga UNLF na thabak paikhatpa houkhi. Manipur khunnaida ahaanba oina nupi rape touba singbu UNLF na sibagi cheirak piba houkhi. Masina nupi nahada nattaba lamchat chatpagee thoudok khanghan hanthahankhi. Amana Manipur bu India na 1949 da namduna lousinkhibagee wari asi Manipur meeyamda nouhounana puthoktuna “oppose Indian Annexation month” haiba campaign ama 1992 dagee 1998 phaoba chahi khudinggee chatthakhi. Campaign asina Manipur-India conflict ki hourakpham amasung masida chennariba political issue adu mayek sengna eikhoigee meeyamda khanghankhi. International level dasu wapham asi UN Commission on Human Rights ki mari leinaba working group singda ahaanba oina khanghanba ngamkhi (1995-97).

UNLF na mapung phaaba armed struggle gee tangkakta hek changsinba houkhibadagee Indian Occupation Force (IOF) pu hakthengnaba laanpham kayada maithiba peeduna Manipur gee chingee lamsingda base area kaya semgatpa ngamkhi. Region asigee ningtam lanhou gee history da IOF pu asigumba base area asida chahi 10 changba ngamhandana laan thengnaba ngamkhibasi UNLF/ MPA na ahaaanba oikhi. Asigumba base area amada media team laaktuna loukhiba interview sing amasung makhoina puthokkhiba story sing aduna Manipur gee ningtam lanhou asi anouba thaak amada pukhatkhi. Thoidok hendokna, asumna chingda chattharakpa armed struggle asina ching- tam gee anouba mari amasu semgatpa ngamkhi.

Houjik eikhoina Western Southeast Asia (WESIA) haina khangnariba so-called NE region asida chattharakliba maru oiba ningtam lanhou sing, GOI ga “peace talk” tounaraga compromise / capitulation gee lambida haijinnakhiba phivam ama thorakliba asina chenthukhidanaba Manipur- India conflict asi matam pumbagee oina wakheinaba plebiscite ama pangthoksi haiba UNLF ki four-points proposal adusu singthanaba yai. Maramdi, conflict asi Manipur meeyamgee apaamba matung inna wakheipham thok-i haiba UNLF ki phirep asina eikhoigee meeyamda empower toubaga loinana malem gi thaktasu eikhoigee struggle asigee democratic aspect ama puthokpa ngamkhi. Plebiscite ki proposal asi Manipur meeyamna phongna endorse tounarakli loinana malem gee thaktagisu appreciation phangkhi.

Malem: (Party setbacks) Adomgi party na semlakpadagi houjikfaobada nanglakkhiba khudongthiba natraga maithibasing adu thambiyu.

Meghen: UNLK ki ahaanba setback party gee underground organisation amasung underground movement kanna semgatlakpa matam 1968-69 da thokkhi. Matamduda party gee foreign secretary oiramba Sudhir Kumar na maram chaaba khennaba suklei leitana party dagee machet taakhiduna Coordination Committee amadi Revolutionary Government of Manipur semme haina laothorakkhi. Loinana party gi volunteer 80 muk mislead touduna matamdugee East Pakistan da pukhi. Sudhir Kumar na thorakpa cherolda UNLF ki mingsu paksillakpadage premature oina yeknabana eikhoigee thabak-thouram gee maramda kanna thigatlakkhi. Loinana meeyoi kaya phagatlakkhi. Party gee political socialisation programme gi tangkak ama youdringeida phivam asi thokchillakkhibadagee hanjinaba phivam maiyoknakhi. Masidagee pukhatnaba hotnabada (organisation amasung political works) chahi tara changkhi. UNLF ki anisuba setback ti 1990-91 da amuk hanna machet takhiba aduni. Masisu maram chaaba waphamda machet taakhiba natte. Asumna machet taakhraba matungda chahi 9 chupna imu-naimu tanakhiba aduna eikhoigee ningtam lanhouda achouba cheitheng phangkhi. Adubu hairiba setback animaktagi recover touraga UNLF asi henna chetna taasin-khomjillaba; politically, ideologically and militarily – party ama oina hougatpa ngamkhi. Military setback ta, Churachandpur gee Parbung dagee Tamenglong district ki Keiphundai amadi Jiribam youna UNLF/ MPA na control touduna matam saangna leiramlaba matungda kumsing 2004 da achouba laanpham kaya soknaraba matungda handoktaba yadaba phivam leirakkhibasi eikhoigda maru oiba lousing fangkhiba tangkakni. Maram aduna, setback ta achievement ki machaksu adum yaoduna lei haiba wakhallon asigee matung inna thabak tounaba hotnei.

Malem: (Party self criticism) Adomgi party gi asonba, awatpa, amasung soikhiba / asoibasing adu karino? Masi karamna resolve touee / tougani?

Meghen: UNLF ki asonba / awatpa amadi revolutionary intellectuals masing yamna puthokpa ngamdaba asini. Tasengbadi masi UNLF khakki nattana liberation struggle asigee oina asonba/ awatpani haibada lalloi. Party gee achouba asoiba amadi, resource mobilisation gee means ama oina thika-supply gee thabakta yaosilluba asini. Asumna yaosilluba asina system asida inherent oina chennarakpa corrupting influence na party gee thaak kharada tin changba hourakkhi. Masina amuk meeyamna UNLF ta leiramba thaajaba adu hanthahallakkhi. Phivam asi kupna review touraba matungda asoiba asi munna khangminnaduna, thika/suppy gee thabak amasung masiga samnaba hiram amattada party na yaosindaba haina lepnaduna masidagi handokkhi.

Malem: (Party structure) Adomgi party gi organisational structure amasung department / kayatsing adu sugaina thambiyu.

Meghen: UNLF ki highest organ di General Assembly ni. General Assembly na Central Committee elect touee. Loinana Central Committee gee Chairman su elect touee. Central Committee gee department singdi – Defence, Organisation, Finance, Economic Affairs, Publicity, Human Resource Development, amausung External Affairs. Central Committee na masigee member singdagee (CM, VC, & GS yaona) yammabada member 5 na saaba Standing Committee ama elect touee. Masida CM, VC, Defence Secretary and Chief of Army Staff yaogani. Standing Committee ge lamjing-lamtak makhada party District Committee, Branch Committee and Local Committee leigani. Lanmeegi structure manungdasu party committee sing leigani. Military Affairs Committee amasu leigani. MAC gi members ta CM, VC, DS, CS, and GS (GS ti invites oina yaoee).

Malem: (Community composition) Adomgi party gi community composition adu fongdokpiyu.

Meghen: Meitei singna masing yamna yaorabasu Naga, Kuki, Kom, Chiru, Meitei Panggal nachingba atei phurup/ salai singsu UNLF ta yaori.

Malem: (Male Chauvinism) Adomgi party asi nupasingna dominated touba party amani, nupeesingdi yamna tonna amasung restriction kyaga loinana thambi haiba wafam asida adomgi mot kari leibage?

Meghen: Nupa na masing yamlabasu UNLF ta male chauvinism di leite. Masing yamdrabasu nupi singbu hiram khudingmakta encourage touee. Makhoina maipunana thoudang louba thabak singdi medical, communication, information, staff, tailoring, etc.

Malem: (Community chauvinism) Adomgi party asi Meetei na masing dominate touba amasung meetei gi interest ta thabak touba party amani haiba wafam asida adomgi mot kari leibage?

Meghen: Meitei na masing yammabasu UNLF manungda Meitei na atei phurup / salai bu dominate touba phivam leite. Party gee mapandasu UNLF ti Meitei khaktagee interest ta thabak touba ethnic organisation natte. UNLF ti Manipur gee phurup / salai (tribe) pumnamak hingminnabagee apunba wakhallon (inclusive ideology) amada thajaba party ni. Aduna UNLF ta community chauvinism gee mapham leite.

Malem: (Militancy) Adomgi party asi militant organisation amani haiba wafam asida kari mot leibibage? Adomgi party leadership na or atei visual circulation singda cadre singna civil dress setpagi mahutta military fatigue setpa oina ootliba adugi significance karino? Cherol thokpa matamda party gi mingga loinana military mingsu khambrangnana hek hek hapliba asigi maram karigino (e.g UNLF amasung MPA)?

Meghen: India leipakna Manipur bu namduna lousinkhiba, Indian Union manungda Part C State ama oina Chief Commissioner gee leingak makhada namthaduna thamba houkhiba adudagee changsillakkhiba meeyamgee democratic movement singbu namphuna namthanaba hotnakhiba leechat adu yenglaga Manipur gi ningtamba hanjinnaba ehouda tangai phadana armed struggle na maru oiba pambei oina sijinnaba taakhi. Maram asigeedamak UNLF pu militant organisation ni haibadi yai. Adubu, UNLF ki oinadi ngasi leipakki amadi khunnaigee oiriba phivam sing asi pumhong honghanba gee pandam phangnaba lanhou changsilliba revolutionary party amani.

* Party gee cherol thokpa matamda UNLF/ MPA haina marak marakta mention touribasi cherol adugi waafam adu MPA ga mari leinaba wafam oibadagini.

Malem: (Factionalism) Factionalism gi tendency leikhiba or faction takhiba asi kari maramgino? Ideological difference la, tactical difference la, leadership crisis la or atei opportunist motives la?

Meghen: UNLF ta 1968-69 amadi 1990-1991 da machet taanakhibadu cadre singda lanna sandokpa khennaba singda yumpham oiba opportunist motives na mapaung oina thok-hankhibani. Maramdi, laana sandokliba khennabasing adu party forum da puthorakpa leikhide.

Malem: (Child recruitment) Lanhoubasingna apangba angangsingbu recruit touee haibasida adomgi kari mot leibage?

Meghen: Principle ama oina UNLF ti masi toude. Masagee chahi 18 sudriba meeyoi amata enroll toude, toubasu chumde.

Malem: (Recruitment agent) Sel piduna nekpa agentsing thadoktuna recruitment touhalli haibasida kari observation leibage?

Meghen: Sel piduna nekpa agent sing thadoktuna mee recruit touhanba asi revolutionary character maangtharakpagee khudamni. UNLF ti masi toude.

Malem: (Incentives to cadres) Lanhouba yabasing tolop fang-ee haibasida kari mot leibibage? Cadres singda fangba material incentives adu karino?

Meghen: UNLF ki oinadi houjik phaoba salary pibagee system leitri. Adubu cadre amasung laanmee sing-gee (Chairman dagi lalloi ama faoba) chaba thakpa, phijet phirol, ana laayeng, TA geedamak party na mari leinaba senpham sing kaithok-ee. Family leiraba singgee nupee angang sing yumda leikhiba oirabadi montly family maintenance khara pee. Aduga yum pandriba singgeena makhoina entrust touba family member amada monthy Rs 3000 da paaraga chahi amada anirak thokna pee.

Malem: (Retirement scheme) Party yaoba meena thabaktagi potthaba yabagi provision sing adu karino?

Meghen: Aruba laaina leiraba nattraga asok apan nangbadagee thabak touba ngamdraba singbu party / army dagee potthaba yahalli. Asumna potthakhiba singda masagee senthok-lambi ama semjaba ngamnaba one time senfam ama party na pee.

Malem: (Rights of cadres) Lanhouba yaobasingna party manungda fangliba haksing adu kari karino?

Meghen: UNLF asi inner party democracy chatpa party ni. Maram aduna, party constitution da peeba matung inna party cadre singna mari leinaba level da warep loubagee process ta saruk yaba, mapham matam chaana wapham ama puthokpa, wakat amadi criticism pukhatpa gee rights leibaga loinana General Assembly gee meephamda yaobagee right leigani. Constitution gee matung inna mathou taaba qualification adu leirabadi party committee singda khannaba meerep oibagee right su leigani.

Malem: (Award and punishment) Party manunggi oiba award amasung punishment ki schemesing adu karino?

Meghen: Mathou pangthokpada hei-singba, ninghannadaba amadi party da loyalty leibagee awaangba phivam utpa cadre / lanmee singda recognition piba yai. Aduga laanphamda thoidok hendokna singthaningai oiba mawongda thouna-lingjel, katthokpa, hei-singba amadi pandam phangnaba hotnabada thawai thadokpa pammudabagee masak thokpa khudam ootpa singbu masak khangba oina pamthol ama haapkatpa yai.

Party gee constitution thouoina thugaiduna thabak touba—maru oina thaksi khasi thugaiba, ngaaakkadaba lamchat saajat thugaiba, party gi maiyokta thabak touba singda phamthol hanthaba, member oibadagi suspend touba yai. Adubu, counter-revolutionary oiba maraal langjaba singdi party dagee expel tougani.

Malem: (Deserters) Deserters hairaga kanabu khangnabage? Karamba makhalgi deserter da karamba makhalgi cheirak award fangbage?

Meghen: Party amadi laanmee sanglup tagee tuminna chenkhiba singbu deserter oire haina lougani. Khutlai yaodana chenkhraga yumda leisinkhiba singdi adumak koukhatli. Adubu yeknabaga samnakhiba singdi yeknaba amada chatthapham thokpadu chatthagani. Khutlai puraga chenkhiba singdi ahakpa cheirak pigani. Karigumba khutlai puraga yeknabada surrender toukhiba oirabadi sibagee cheirak phaoba piba yai, aduga khutlai adugi mamal mahakki imung-manung singbu singhan-gani.

Malem: (Surrender) Party yaoba meeoi amana yeknabada surrender toukhiba yabagi provision adu karino?

Meghen: Yeknabada surrender toukhiba yabagee provision thamde.

Malem: (Arrest) Chahi khara asida party gi maru oiba leader / cadres sing yamna laina arrest toubagi chang hen-gatlakliba asi karidagino amasung masida kari mot leibage? Party gi maru oiba leader sing jail da leikhiba asina party gi policy amasung programme da kadaifaoba hongdok hongjil leibage?

Meghen: Party gi maru oiba leader/ cadre sing yeknabana phaabagee thoudoksi handakta natte. UNLK ki leadership ki wakhallon da ‘maangjin thaaraga lamjingba’ haibasi principle amani. Aduna thabak touba matamda khudong thiba thokpa yaba phivam matam pumbada mayoknei. Masina ‘yamna laina arrest touba’ maanbage maru oiba maramni. Atoppa maram amana, medical treatment toudaba yadaba phivam leirakpadagi masigeedamak chatpada arrest toukhibasu yaokhi.

Party gi maru oiba leader sing jail da leikhibana maram oiraga party gee maru oiba policy programme da ahongba leite. Maramdi UNLF ki maru oiba policy programme di party General Assembly gee regular session da decide touba maramna (every four years) marakki matamda hongdokpa yade.

Malem: (Decline) Houjik Lanhouba yaobagi masing chang yamna hantharae, Lanhoubagi lupsing asi mutsillakle haiba wafam asida adomgi kari mot?

Meghen: Houjik lanhouba yaobagee masing hanthare haibasi chummi. Adubu yawollup sing mutsillakle haibasidi chumba watli. Houjik oirakliba phivam asidadi, chummi, asengba  yawollup, haibadi revolutionary theory amana guide touba, achumba revolutionary line amagi matung inna thabak touba, amasung achumba leadership leiba party –  khaktamak hinghougani. Aduna, ngasigee chayetnaba phivam asidagee ningtam lanhougee asengba saktam soidana thorakkhini.

Malem: (Difference) Adomgi party na atei party dagi kheenabasing adu fongdokpiyu.

Meghen: Manipur gee vital interest ki matangda UNLF na louba firep ka atei yaollupsingna loukhiba phirepka khennaba leikhi. Manipur gee integrity gee waphamda UNLF na ihaan haana NSCN-IM ga confront tounaba houkhi. Aduga NSCN-IM na Kuki singgee maiyokta ethnic cleansinggi tamthiba campaign ama 1992-93 da chatthakhiba adugee maiyokta UNLF na fongna lepkhi. Loinana naitom oina leiba Kuki amadi Naga gee khul sing protect toubada nattana achouba senpham ama kaithoktuna relief materials mayam yenthokkhi.

Malem: (Similarity) Adomgi party na atei party ga mannabasing adu fongdokpiyu.

Meghen: Manipur gee ningtamba hanjibagee waphamdadi atei party singga phirep maannei.

 

III
On self determination

 

Malem: (Definition) Manipur gi lanhoulup singna right to self determination haiba wafam asi yamna toina sijinnei. Wafam asi United Nation gi instruments singdasu yaori. Adumakpu UN gi right to self-determination haiba wafam asi areppa wahanthok leitaba wafam ama oibagumsu touri. Masida adomgi party gi observation karino amasung right to self determination gi karamba wahanthok adomgi partyna adopt toubano haibiyu?

Meghen: Phurup khudingmakki right to self-determination lei. Hairiba right asigee matung inna makhoigee ‘political status’ masaana lepchaba ngamhalli amadi makhoiga chunnajaba mawongda makhoigee khunnaigee, naatki, amasung senmit (economy) semgatpa gee lambisu lepchaba ngamhalli haina ICCPR da peeri. Aduna self-determination gee wahanthok asi ‘internal’ oiba mawongda autonomy dagee houraga ‘external’ oiba ‘full self-determination’ haibadi ningtamba phaoba oiba yai. Manipur gee context ta UNLF na puthokliba right to self determination di India na annex toukhibadagee maangkhiba Manipur gee sovereignty amasung independence adu hanjinbagee self- determination ni. Maram asinani, eikhoigee ningtam lanhou asi separatist natte, secessionist su natte, aduga insurgency su natte haina UNLF na haiduna laaklibani.

Malem: (Principle) Sovereignty amasung right to self-determination gi wafamdadi Manipur furup khudingmak amasung khun kaya masa masagi sovereignty gi puwari amasung right to self-determination gi wafam leibagumna touee. Khunmeesingna khun adu makhoigini, khun-gi wangmagi meeyoisingdi meetopni haina khanbagi thouong kayasu ooba fang-ee. Asina maram oiraga Manipur asuppagi project paikhatpa or pandam sagatpada chetnaba chayetnaba kayasu thengnabagum touee. Masi adomgi party na matou karamna amasung karamba mawongda reconcile touduna Manipur sovereignty gi pandam asi mangjil thahanbage / thahannaba hotnabage?

Meghen: Manipur da chahicha kayadagee khulgee thaktagee houraga salai (tribe) amadi phurup singgee marakta thorakliba muknaba (contradiction) sing asi wakheiduna apunba ningkha tamba leipak ama senminnabagi principle di – salai / phurup khudingmak masaagee top toppa saktam ngakpa amasung yokkhatchabagee matik-mangam leiba, amana amagee top toppa saktam ikai khumnaba amadi amaga amaga mapaan taangnana hingminnaba amasung chaokhatminnaba, aduga masidageee mahousa oiba mawongda thorakpa (evolve tourakpa) apunba saktam adu yokkhatminnaba: hairibasing asi oithokpa yahannabagee damak thaak khudingmakta autonomy leiba (autonomy at all levels) meeyamgee leingak (people’s democracy) ama purakpa asini.

Malem: (Merger) Manipur na 1949 da Indiagi saruk ama oikhiba asida sukya yaningdabagi mapung oiba maram karino?

Meghen: Malem asida ningtamba leipak mayam thorakkhiba/ leirakkhiba asigee manungda ngasi Manipur haina khangnariba eikhoigee leipak asisu chahicha kaya ningtamna leiraklaba leipakni. Leipak asi 1891 da British ki khudum chankhraba matungdasu British India gi saruk ama oina lousinkhide. British ki loilam leingak thupchinkhiba matamdasu Manipur da tonganna sovereigntly amasung independence amuk hanna sinnarakkhi (Midnight of 15/16 August 1947. Mayengbam Anadamohan gee ‘Shillong’ da yaoba). Masigi mamangda 11 August 1947 da Manipur gi maharaj Bodh Chandra da themboi kihanboi touduna sign tounakhiba Instrument of Accession adusu 1948 ta pangthokkhiba democratic election na khankhiba Manipur State Assembly na konna abrogate toukhre. Masina Manipur asi mapung phaana ningkha-tammaba (sovereign and independent) leipak amuk oihankhre. Matamduda Manipur gee ningthoudi supnage constitutional head of State tamak oirabana mangonda legislative, executive amadi judicial power amatta leitre. Waphama amana, ningtamba Manipur gee ahaanba assembly aduda “Manipur bu Bharat Sarkar na lousinbiro” haina laokhiba Manipur Congress ti saathina maithiba nangkhiba aduna Manipur meeyamna Manipur na India da tinba paamde haibasi yamna mayek sengna leikhi. Maram aduna, matamduda government semkhiba Praja Shanti gee alliance aduna Manipur asi India da merge touroidabani haiba phirep asi loukhi. Phivam asi leibadagee Manipur Assembly amasung Council of Ministers kaallaga ningthou Bodh Chandra bu Manipur Merger Agreement adu namduna sign touhankhibani. Aduga Manipur bu India na lousille haina laothokkhiba numit, 15 October 1949, adumakta Manipur Assembly amadi Council of Ministers adusu muthatle haina laothokkhibani. Maram aduna, ningthou bu house arrest ta thammaga namduna sign touhankhibada nattana Manipur State Assembly nasu ratify toukhiba nattaba Manipur Merger Agreement adu chatnaba yaba agreement suk-oi oikhide. Houjiksu oide haibasi UNLF ki phirepni. (National Convention of Manipur Merger nasu hairiba agreement asi null and void oi haina warep takhibani). Maram aduna, 1949 da Manipur bu India gee saruk ama oikhi haibasi tasengbadi matamdugee Dominion Governemnt of India na namthak namphu sijinnaduna lousinkhibani. Forcible annexation ni merger natkhide. 1975 da Sikkim lousinkhiba adusu ningsingba yai.

Malem: (Integration) India gi manungda Manipuri singgi fangfam thokpa citizenship rights, responsible government, economic grants / packages, services kaya ama fangli. Manipuri singna meekhal da elect touduna sarkar semlaga palli. Matou karamna Manipur asi Indiana loi chnduna thamli haigadouribano?

Meghen: Maning tamba leipak amabu atoppa leipak amana namduna lousillaga thambasi loi chanduna thambani. Colonial occupation/ rule makhada namduna thambani haina lounei. Aduna, India na namduna lousinkhraba matungda Manipur na leirakliba phivam asisu India gee colonial occupation/ rule makhada leibani haibasi historical fact ni. Aduna houjik phangle hairiba ‘rights, responsible government, economic grants/ packages phangli Manipuri singna Sarkar semlaga palli’ haiba phivam asina colonial occupation / rule gee basic character adudi karisu honghande. Meeyam asidi 1949 dagi houjik phaobada India gee loilam leingakki mawongda laakhiba quantitative change ngaktani. Quantitative changes sing asidagee qualitative development ama laakkadabadi India gi colonial occupation/ rule asi thupchinkhiba matamdata oigani.

Malem: (Structural change) Karigumba Indiagi sellam leingak asida ahongba laklabadi or karamba makhalgi structural change Manipur da laklabadi adomgi party na Lanhouba tokpagi pandam leigadbano?

Meghen: Manipur gee sovereignty and independence hanjinbagee wapham asida India gee sellam leingak ki ahongba or structural change ga compromise touba yadaba khwaidagee maru oiba wafamni.

Malem: (Autonomy model) Karigumba makhalgi or karamba makhalgi autonomy model ama Indian Constitution manungda laklabadi adomgi party na Lanhouba tokpagi pandam leigadbano?

Meghen: Wahang asigi paokhumsu mathakta peeriba asina oire.

Malem: (Dialogue or Talk) Adomgi party ga India Government ka dialogue or talk toukhiba leirabra? Madugi content amasung result karino? Leikhidba oirabadi leitribagi maram karino?

Meghen: India Government ka dialogue or talk tounakhiba amatta leitri. Masigee maru oiba maramsingdi UNLF ki oinadi Manipur-India conflict asi plebiscite amana once and for all loisillasi haiba wafam thamkhre. Aduga India government nadi masida phirep ama loubadi toudana ‘Indian union manungda, anything, minus sovereignty’ wari sannasi haiba phirep asidagee hongdri.

 

IV
On strategy and tactics

 

Malem: (Goal) Party gi mapung oiba goal karino? Goal adu fangnabagi mapung oiba lallong poram karino?

Meghen: Party gee mapung oiba goal di ningtamba hanjillaba da maannaba khunnai (socialism) purakpani.

Socialism gi goal asi phangnabagee damak, ahaanbada leipak meeyamgee ningtam lanhou (National People’s Democratic Revolution) ama paangthoktuna Manipur gi ningtamba hanjin-gani. Aduga meeyamgee leingak ama lingduna Manipur gee top toppa phivamga chunaba mawongda “autonomy at all levels” haiba principle asi implement touduna democratic revolution gee pandam mapung phaana phanglaba matungda, ‘capitalist path of development’ ta amuk changsilluba toudana socialism gee yumpham thonba hougani. Masidagi phanglakpa lousing amadi oirakpa phivam matung inna socialist transformation gee tangkakta changsin-gani.

Malem: (Class base) Lallong poram aduda luchingpurel louriba meeyoi khujok adugi class base karino? Amasung lallong asigi support base oiriba meeyoising adugi class background karino?

Meghen: Ngasi Manipur khunnaigee chaokhatlakpagee thaak asida petty bouregeoisie na mapung oiba kanglup oiri. Aduna party leadership ki class base su haikhriba class asida hourakpana ayambani, exception oina matam amada louyam chaaba oiramba imungdagee hourakpasu yao-e. UNLF ki revolutionary strategy matung inna proletariat na class base oigani. Adubu Manipur khunnai ngasi leiriba class structure asidadi petty bourgeoisie gee patriotic oiba sarukna mapung oiba paanggal oikhigani. Loinana patriotic and revolutionary intellectual singsu maru oiba panggal oigani.

Malem: (Enemy) Anti-colonial or freedom khongjang khudingmak superstructure amasung base anigi marakta leiriba contradiction adu moderate toubani hairi. Base na superstructure gi mayokta houriba laan OR struggle aduda yeknaba pallon kaya mayoknei. Adomgi party na karambasingbu yeknabani haina loubibage. Yeknabagi category sing adu khwaidagi tamthibadagi houraga mathang manao naina haibiyu. Yaolgi karam karamba stages singda karam karamba yeknabasingbu mathang manao naina mayoknagadouribano haibadu fongdokpiyu.

Meghen: Eikhoigi ningtam lanhou asi Manipur ga India gagee marakta leiriba national contradiction asi wakheibagee process ni. Aduna ningtam lanhougee tangkakta maiyoknariba maru oiba yeknaba India asi external enemy ni. Asigumba external enemy asi thengnaba ngamnaba united internal strength saagatpa haibasi strategic necessity amani. Maram aduna, Manipur manunggee contradiction pumnamak national united front ama sembagee mityengdagee handle tougani. Haibadi, patriotic forces, classes, groups and even individuals pumnamak taasin-khomjin duna leipak meeyamgee apunba paanggal saagatkani. Masigee guiding principle di “meechang oidrabasu yeknabadi oihandaba” haibasini. Aduna tangkak asidadi khunnai manunggee class contradiction sing machin tumhannaba thabak sing secondary oina leigani. Tangkak asidadi Manipur gee meeyam, as a whole, tuhat neihapiraba people ama oina India gee semi-feudal and bourgeoisie state ki mayokta lepkani. Adubu tactical level dadi Indian State, as such, asibu yeknaba oina ude. India Governemnt, as such, pusu yeknaba oina loude. Amadi government asigi control makhada leriba Indian Armed Forces pumnamakpusu eikhoi gee yeknaba oina khande. Thoidok-hendokna India gee meeyambusu yekanagum yengde. Amaromda, Indian proletariat undi class solidarity leiba class oina yenggani. UNLF ki yeknabadi – India government na Manipur bu khudum chanduna thamliba colonial occupation/ rule amasung masi sustain tounaba Manpur da thamjilliba Indian occupation forces (military, para military and other security forces) asini. Manipur da laklaga Manipur meeyambu ot-neiriba mayam asi crime against humanity ni. Maram aduna crime asida yaoriba amadi chennaba khudingmak eikhoigee meeyamgee yeknabani, ningtam lanhou asigee yeknabani.

Malem: (Alliance) Yeknaba mayoknabagi lallong asida khongjanggi marup leigani. Adomgi party na karam karambasingbu karam karamba tangkakki marupni haina lougadage? Kadaifaoba karamba lipul makhada karam karambasingga marup oina chatminnabano?

Meghen: ‘Leipak meeyam gi ningtam lanhou’ (National People’s Democratic Revolution) gee India gee maiyokta chatthariba ningtam lanhou tangkak asidadi patriotic forces, class, groups and individual lonamak mawong ama nattraga mawong amada khut-samnagani. Ningtamba hanjillaba matung dadi meeyamgi leingak (people’s democracy) amasung masina chatthagadaba democratic reforms yaningba singtamak khutsamnagani. Democratic reforms ki tangkak loiraba matungda paikhatkadaba socialism gee yumpham thonbagi tangkaktadi socialism da thaajaminnaba party, forces and classes singtamak eikhoigi revolutionary meechang oigani. Asumna National People’s Democratic Revolution amadi socialist revolution/ transformation ani asi distinctly khennei. Adubu masi khaidoknaba yadaba mathang mathang changsin-gadaba tangkak singni.

Malem: (Electoral parliamentary) Parliamentary Election da adomgi party gi firep karino? Adomgi party na houjik Indian constitution makhada pangthokliba meekhal asida karamba role louduna khongjangbu chaokhat-hannaba hotnabano? Ningtamba leibak ama semlaba matamda adomgi party na karamba makhalgi electoral parliamentary system chatnahnbagi plan leibage?

Meghen: Ngasi chatnariba India gee political system asidi deliver touba ngamdraba failed system ni. System asigee maru oiba feature di parliamentary election asini. Aduna India gee parliamentary election dadi UNLF na thajaba thamde.

Houjik Indian constitution makhada pangthokliba meekal asida role ama louraga eikhoigee khongjang asi chaokhat-hanba ngamgani haina UNLF na thaajarakte. Maramdi, India gee election asidi party politics ta yumfam oibani. Aduga eikhoigi khongjang asidi national politics ta yumpham oibani. Aduna, houjikki party politics asida role ama lousillurbadi maduna eikhoigee national politics ki support base kang-khong chaihallakpa phivam maiyoknagani. Aduna 2004 da pangthokkhiba India gi parliamentary elections adu changyeng ama oina UNLF na boycott toukhi. Masida Manipur tampakki constituency singdadi yammabada 15% tagee henna vote thaadakhide.

Democracy haibasi grass roots tagi saagatkadabani. Mathaktagee impose touroidabani. Ningtamba leipak ama semlaba matamda chatnagadaba political system di leipak asigee geography, socio-cultural realities, loinana traditional democratic institutions, mayam asida yumpham oiba democratic system ama puthokpa mathou tagani. Mamaangdasu pankhre, hairiba democratic system asigi basic principle di autonomy at all levels oigani.

Malem: (Party characterisation) Handak 10th General Assembly Election da election fight toukhiba political party sing asi adomgi partyna karam karambabu kari oina masak khangbage? (Hint: All India Trinamool Congress, Bharatiya Janata Party, Communist Party of India, Communist Party of India (Marxist), Independent, Indian National Congress, Inqalab Vikas Dal, Jai Maha Bharath Party, Janata Dal (Secular), Lok Jan Shakti Party, Manipur Democratic People’s Front, Manipur People’s Party, Manipur State Congress Party, Naga Peoples Front, National People’s Party, Nationalist Congress Party, Shivsena, Social Democratic Party of India)

Meghen: India gee political system asida yaoriba party khudingamk UNLF tadi basically chap mannei. Broad category oina khaidokliba ‘national party’ and ‘regional party’ ani asigee marakta khennaribasi eikhoigee mityengdadi quantitative difference ni. Aduga ‘national party’ singgee marakta ideologically opposite poles ta leiba yaorabasu India gi ‘national interest’ or ‘national integrity’ gee matangdadi thoina khennaba phirep leite. India manunggee oinadi makhoigee marakta qualitatively khennaba kharadi lei. Honglakhiba trend di ‘national party’ sing sontharakpa, regional party sing kankhatlakpa amadi national level leadership louba ngamba ‘statesman’ makhoigee system asina puthokpa ngammaktaba, maru oina ‘state’ singgee economic development ki compulsion na maram oiraga India gee ngasi leiriba yamna centralised oiba system asi chatnaba yaraklaroi, state singda henna power khaidokpa mathou taaraklani. Haibadi, Union-States ki mari asi basic restructure toudaba yaraklaroi, even leiriba ‘parliamentary’ system asimaksu thupsinkhiduna ‘presidential’ system da ollakpasu yari.

Malem: (Brotherhood) Manipurda base touba Manipur Police, Manipur Rifles, asinachingba asibu ee marini khut tharoi haiba wafam ama Lanhoubasingna hairi. Masigi significance karino? Manipur macha yaoba CRPF, AR, India Army asinachingbasingdadi khut tharoi haide. MP, MR, IRB, CRPF, AR, IA amasung atei forces khudingmak State ki machinery ni haina loujei. Matou karamna state ki machinery sing asibu khut khagani aduga kharabuna khut tharoi haibagi difference marker semlibano? Masigi singnifance karino amasung firep asimak hongdok hongjil naiba yaba firepla sugaina eebiyu.

Meghen: Manipur police, Manipur rifles asinachingba ‘state forces’ singda khut thaaroi haibasi ihaan haana UNLF na laothokkhibani. Masigee maru oiba maram singdi force sing asi Manipur macha na namna yao-ee. Aduna makhoiga haatnaba haibasi yeknaba India gee panggal hengat-hanba mawongda eikhoi masel haatnaba phivam thok-han-gani. Masimak India nasu paambani. Amana hairiba force sing asida yaoba Manipur macha mayam amadi eikoigee struggle asibu yaninggba sympathiser singni.

Indian Army, AR, CRPF na chingba sing asidi India gee central forces oiba maramna 95% ti India romgi meeoi sig ngaktani. ‘State force’ ka ‘Union’ force singga gee marakta khennaribasi maru oina ethnic composition asini. Khennaba asi khangna deal touba mathou tai. Adubu ‘State force’ ta khut tharoi haiba policy leiragasu meecham haatpa police commando singbudi criminal ama oina cheirak piba yai.

Malem: (VDF) Village Defence Force semba hourakpa matamda masigi mayokta Heiroklomda Lanhoubasingna restrictions impose touba leikhi. Nongmei kappa, kihanba asinachingba faoba toukhi. Adubu houjikti adugumba restriction adu tumil leikhre. Restrictions impose toukhiba amasung houjikna tumil leikhiba asigi contradictory tactics Or changing dynamics asi karino?

Meghen: Heiroklomda changsinkhiba khongjang adu maru oina SPO thambagee maiyoktani. Masigee maru oiba pandamdi State gvoernemnt ta “khutlai peeyu, lanhouba thengnage” haiba khollao adugee maiyokta lanhouba singdasu “khutlai peeyu, Assam Rifles thengnage” haiba khollao asi thok-hallaknabani. Masimaksu thorakkhi. Aduna makha taana thabak changsinkhidabani.

Malem: (Militarisation) Kari maramdagi party na khutlai paibagi lanhou changsinbano? Manipurda militarisation gi stage asi kari fivam yourabage? Khutlai paiba lup masing yamna yamkhatlakliba asida kari mot leibibage? Manipur digital film da hanta sunaba amadi nongmei kapnabagi scene utpagi chang hen-gatlakliba asida kari observation leibibage? Angangsinggi sannapot ama oina maru chatpa toy gun paiba / sannabagi chang pak snna hen-gatlakliba asida kari observation leibibage? Sifai khanba / recruitment ki chang hen-gatlakliba, aduga nakal amaromda tolop chang nemba VDF kumba loubagi masing chang hen-gatlakliba asida kari observation leibibage?

Meghen: Revolution amada sijinnagadaba form of struggle asi maru oina confront tounariba yeknaba adugee character na leppi. Aduna, eikhoigee ningtam ehou asida armed struggle na main form of struggle oina changsinbagee maramdi Indian state ki yamna repressive oiba military-racist character asini. Masi choice natte, compulsion ni.

Maipur da militarisation touribasi Indian State nani. Houjik Manipur da Indian army gee Mountain Division (about 20,000) ama leiriba asigee mathakta aronba force singsu thamjillakli. Masigee mathakta AR gee sector ahum su leiri. Masisu division amagee strength ni. Loinana CRPF su battalion mayam ama leiri. Punna 50,000 muk surani. Hairiba Indian Occupation Force sing asigee chaang asina Manipur asi mapung phaana foreign force singna occupy touraba leipak ama oire haibasidi yetnaningai leitre.

Asengba yawol-lanhou gee lichat chetna amasung thabak touba khutlai paaiba lup ti masing yamde. Atei di IOF amadi police commando singna sijinnaba armed gang ngaktani. Ngasi extortion touriba, mee haatliba, nongmei kaapsilliba mayam asi eikhoigee struggle asibu mingchat thihannaba thouoina touhanba ngaktani.

Manipur digital film da hatna sunaba amadi nongmei kapnabagee scene utpagee chang hen-gatlakliba asida thamba yaaba mityeng kharadi: masi ngasi Manipur gee oiriba phivam asigee general reflection amani haina loubadi yai. Adubu masina chumlabadi hairiba phenomenon asi film aduna manung youna apha phatta neinapham thok-i. Loinana message amasu pipham thok-ee. Masi nattaduna violence as such commercialise toubadi chumde.

Angang singna saanapot oiba nongmei paiduna saanabasi ngasi-ngarang khakki waa natte. Aduga masi pairaga laan sannaba asisu masaanna ama oirak-i. Masi eikhoigee martial tradition gee trait amani haina louba yai. Aduna houjik maru chatpa toy gun paiba/ saannabagee chaang hen-gat lakliba asida thoina paakhatningai oide.

Sifai khanba / recruitment ki chang hen-gat lakliba, aduga nakal amaromda tolop chang nemba VDF kumba loubagee masing chang hen-gat-lakliba asi captive market oiraba maipur gee economy asigee reflection oiraba Manipur gee economy asigee reflection amani. Government ki job saturated oiraba, atei job avenue sing thoraktaba, samna hairabada economic growth leitaba. Loinamak India romda depend touraga hinghanba phivam. Phivam asidadi Manipur asi killing field oibaga loinana captive recruiting ground amasu oire.

Malem: (Boycott) India gi Independence Day, Republic Day asinachingba boycott touba asigi significance karino? Lanhoubana boycott touba numit or thouramsingda civilian kayana saruk yabata nattana show perform touriba asida kari mot leibibage?

Meghen: India gee Independence Day, Republic Day nachingba boycott touba asi Indian colonial occupation/ rule bu symbolic oina reject toubagi wafamni.

Lanhoubana boycott touba numit or thouramsingda civilian kayana saruk yabata nattana show perform touee hairibasi lanhou gee manil hantharakpa na oigani. Adubu lanhou gee manil amuk kankhatlakpa matamdadi kanaasu yaonarakloi. Government na hire touraga yaohanbasu yaoramgani.

Malem: (Strikes and Blockades) Toina ooba fangliba strikes amasung blockades sing asigi saklon asi karini haina mot pibibage? Toina ooba fangliba strikes & blockades sing asiga Manipur gi ningtambagi khongjangga kari mari leinahanba ngambage amasung ningtambagi khongjangda kadaifaoba akaiba / chaokhatpa oihanbage?

Meghen: Toina kounariba strikes amasung blockades asi India gee system asina mapung oina thok-hallapa contradiction sing adugee manifestation ni.

Except yawollup singna chahi amagi manungda ¾ kaktang call touba General Strike sing nattana ateidi eikhoigee internal contradiction sing asi antagonistic oihallakpa mawongda sharpen touhanbana ayambani. Masidi eikhoigee ningtam lanhou gee panggal sonthahanba phivamni.

Malem: (Mass fronts) Party gi mass front sing asi wakhallon amada streamline toude, ngaihak ngaihakki issue sing tackle toubani, committed oiba mass base create touba ngamde haiba wafamsida kari mot leibibage? Mass front sing asi economically self sustain oide, investment toude, conspicuous consumer oiduna pressure tactics ta meeyamdagi sel khaiduna hingbani haibasida kari mot leibibage? Mass front sing asina ideology campaign touduna mass base create toude, personal loyalty oina semgattuna camp follower shingbu khutnekki mee oina programme singda yaohanbani, aduna revolutionary wakhallon asi meeyamda chelhanba ngamde haiba wafamsida kari mot leibibage? Party politics asi trade unionism da based toude; youth, students, amasung meira paibee da focus touee, haibasida kari mot leibibage?

Meghen: Party gee mass front sing asi wakhallon amada streamline toude, ngaihak ngaihakki issue sing tackle toubani, committed oiba mass base semba ngamde haiba waphamsi khara makheidi chummi. Adubu makhoi loina mak akaknaba thoudang louba front ngaktani. Makhoigee thoudang sing asi anti-drug campaign dagee houraga eikhoigee socio-economic life ki maru oiba aspect khudingmak cover touee (including environment). Aduna makhoi makhoigee organisational base leijei. Adubu, masimakna committed mass base oirabra haiba dudi neinaningai oiri.

Mass front sing asi economically self-sustain oide, investment toude haibasi chummi. Adbu ‘pressure tactics’ ta meeyamadagi sel khaiduna hingbani haibasi chumba watkani.

Mass front sing asina ideology da yumfam oiba campaign touduna mass base create tounaba hotnei. Masak thokna saagatpadi ngamde. Personal loyalty oina semgattuna camp follower singbu khutnek oina programme singda yaohanbani haibasidi chumde. Programme singda yaoraba singdi yamdrabada Manipur gee ningtamba hanjin-gadabani haiba political line asida thaajaraba meeoising ayaamba oigani.

Haanasu mathakta haikhre, houjik national liberation struggle gee tangkakni. Aduna eikhoigee politics su national politics oikhini. Aduna youth, students and Meira paibee da focus toubani. Masi struggle asigi class base gasu mari leinaba wafamni. Houjikki tangkak asida trade unionism da yumpham oiba ehou na national struggle gee paanggal haappa ngamkhiroi. Maramdi Manipur da trade union singna maru oina thabak touribasi government, banks, transport, health services nachingba sector khara khaktani. Masigee manungda government amadi semi-government establishment singda thabak touba singdi ichang thouna echou changsinba ngambagee fivam leitri. Adubu UNLF ki chinjakta meepal taangdaba gee campaign asidi loumeena yumpham oiba Manipur gee national significance leiba ehouni.

Malem: (Student) Party gi maheiroi policy karino?

Meghen: Maheiroi haibasi eikhoigee tunggee yumbiren oirakkadaba human resource ni. Aduna, maheiroi singgee ahaanba thoudangdi lairik-laisu ningthina tamba amadi wakhal-lousing taansinba asini. Ngasi leiriba india gee system asigee makhadadi eikhoigee maheiroi singbu tunggee yumburen oinaba lairik-laisu tambiba amasung wakhal lousing taanpham oiba educational institution di leitre haiba yai (LP school dagee houraga college phaoba). Lairik laisu tambaga loinana, maheiroi khudingmak eikhoigee Manipur bu masak khangba meeoi amamam oinaba hotnagadabani. Aduga, education ga mari leinaba wapham sing puthokpaga loinana mathou taaraklabadi Manipur gee maru oiba wapham singdasu maangjin thaana chongthoktuna saruk yagadabani.

Malem: (Youth) Party gi youth policy karino?

Meghen: Youth haibasi nation amageee, khunnai amagee yenglen saruni. Maram aduna, yanglen saru asi lingna thamba haibasi UNLF ki maru oiba plicy amani. Policy asigee maru oiba machak singdi lamchat chumba (character), masa mawu phaba, patriotic oiba amasung leipak meeyamgee damak katthokpagee lingjel chenba meeoi oihannaba semgatpa, loinana eikhoigee national and social life ta mangjin thaaba thoudang louhounaba hotnaba asini.

Malem: (Children) Party gi children policy (maru oina orphan amasung destitute) karino?

Meghen: Party gee children policy (maru oina orphan amasung destitute) di punsigee tangkak asigee nungaijabadu makhoida phanghannaba hotnaba asini. Loinana, makhoibu thaksi-khasi leiba amasung khunnaigee houna-lonchat ngakna chatpa angangsing oihannaba taakpi-tambiba asini. Orphan amasung destitute oiraba angang sing-gee matangdadi akaknaba policy leitri.

Malem: (NGOs) Party na Government na or International Finance Institution na funded touba NGOs singda kari mityeng thambage?

Meghen: Government na or International Finance Institution na funded touba NGO na touriba thabak sing adugee ideological, political, social, cultural amadi economic implication sing adu kupna yengsilli. Amadi, masina party da amadi eikhoigee struggle da pirakpa yaba cheitheng adu neutralise tounaba hotnei. Party na funded touba NGO di leite.

Malem: (Internationalism) International politics ta Manipur gi wafam asi country amattana fongna support toudabagi maram karino? Party asina Manipur gi wafam asida United Nations ta kadaifaoba thajaba yaaba mityeng thambage? Matam amada Indo-Burma Revolutionary Front semkhibagi pandam, madugi achievement, madu machet takhibagi maram karino? Manipur gi lanhou lupsingga awang nongpokki amasung South East Asia gi lanhoulupsingga kadai faoba chusinnana chatminnaba ngamlabage? Mamangda semkhiba strategic alliance / united front singgi chaorakpa wari fongdokpiyu. Akaknaba issue kharada yumfam oiba International Day khara political ritual oina pangthokpa nattana Manipur da international oiba political / democratic khongjangsingda saruk yabagi khudam leite. Aduna observe touriba numitsing adu suptanatagi show ni, political ritual ni, leitengni; tasengnamak quality leiba khongjanggi saruk natte haiba asida kari mot leibage? India manungdadi progressive forces singna Manipur gi democratic wafam kayada khongjang changba Or solidarity pirakpa thengnei. Adubu Manipur na India manunggi oiba democratic khongjangsingda solidarity extend toubagi chang yamna watli. Asigumba kaya asina Manipur gi struggle asi mityeng saandaba yamna sectarian oiba oina ootli. Wafam asida kari mot leibibage? China na Northeast (Manipur yaona) ta market interest ta yumfam oiba mityeng thammi, hek naksinnarubada Manipur asi pumyot yotkhinaba hotnarakkani haiba wafam asida kari mot leibibage? India gi Chinese connection, Myanmar policy amasung Bangladesh policy asina Manipur gi lanhoulupsinggi base kayada achouba setback piba asina maram oiraga Manipur gi Lanhoubagi khongjang asi loisillakle haiba asida kari mot leibibage?

Meghen: International politics ta Manipur gee wapham asi country amattana phongna support toubagee maram adudi eikhoigee struggle asi leipak meeyamgee ningtam lanhou amagee masak thokpa saktam puthokpa ngamdaba gee asonba asini. Aduna sympathise touba yamna leirabasu madu help and support onthokpa ngamdre. Maram aduna eikhoigee struggle asiga yengnabada India gi leinariba trade and economic relaitions adu sacrifice touba kannanasu paamde.

Eikhoigee struggle asi mai paakpagee basis ti eikhoigee internal strength ni. Masi leire haina louraphaobada ngasi leiriba UN structure asigee makhada Manipur gee wapham asigee solution thiruba haibasi khara remote oiba phivam leiri. Adubu UN system manungda leiba Human Rights Council na India bu eikhoigee region asida, maru oina Manipur da, chatthariba human rights violations mayam asigeedamak ciriticise toukhiba asi eikhoida kaannaba phivam ni.

Manipur gee yawollup singgee unified front oiriba CorCom ga Western Southeast Asia (WESEA) gee atei yawollup singga houjik leinariba maree asidagee chungsinnaba phivam thorakkhini. Aduga Southeast Asia gee oinadi houjik houjik lanhou chatthariba lup ti irei leiraktre, Phillipines nattana.

Indo-Burma Revolutionary Front (IBRF) asi NSCN–K, ULFA amadi UNLF ki united front oina semkhibani. Masigee minimum common pogram di ningtamba geedamak apunba ningtam laan and common enemy gee maiyokta thengnaminnabani. Masigeedamak India bu immediate common enemy ni haina identify touminnakhi. Matamduda Indo Burma Region haina khangnaramba, ngasina Wesetern Southeast Asia haina amuk khangnaraba region asigee apunba saktam ama saagatnaba hotnarakkhibada IBRF na ahaanba khongthangni. IBRF ki maru oiba achievement ti region asida leiriba phurup pumnamak apunba ningtamba punsirol ama thiminnagadabani haiba wakhallon asi sandokkhiba asini. Adubu wakhallon asi organisational amadi military level da thabak kanna changsinba ngamkhide. Masigee maru oiba maramdi matamduda ULFA na NSCN-IM gasu mari leinaduna makhoi khakki interest ta thabak chattharakpadagi 1996 ta IBRF tagee withdraw toukhiba asini. IBRF machet takhibadi leite. Adubu united front ama oina thabak chatthaba ngamkhidre.

UNLF ki oinadi international day thouramsing pangthokpa toude, except May Day nattana. Masisu party manungda pangthokpa thouramni. Ngasi leiriba colonial rule asigee repression asi kanbanina international ramification leiba political / democratic movement sing kanna changsinba waana thok-i.

India manunggee progressive forces sing asi makhoigee political system manungda function touba maramna, India gee system asigee manungda thorakpa Manipur gee democratic wapham kayada khongjang or solidarity pirakpa ngambani. Adubu Manipur dadi progressive force oiba ngamdri. Aduna India manunggee democratic movement singda solidarity extend toubagee chang watna ubani. Adubu masina Manipur gee national liberation struggle asi miyteng saandaba yamna sectarian oiba oina loubadi chumde. Yengbada superficially maanbadi yai. Maramdi eikhoigee struggle gee ideology asiga identify touraba progressive forces singdi fongna thabak toubagee space leite.

Wesia (Northeast) asi houjik maksi India na pumyot yotkhibagee phivam da leirabani (captive market). Amaromda yengladi Rs 100 peeba India gee product adu China dagee Rs 30 da phanglabadi China dagee leibana Manipur gee oinadi henna tongjaba phivam lei. India gi captive market oina leiriba phivam asidadi eikhoisi hingbasu waahanba, sibasu sihandaba, taangjaraga hinghanba phivamda suppress touduna thambiri. Masina eikhoigee natural and human resource sing asi Manipur gee socio-economic development kidamak mathou taaba matung inna eikhoina sijinnajabagee matik-mangam leite. Amaromda China ga hek naksinnarubada Manipur asi pumyot yotnaba hotnarakkani haiba wapham asidi superficial oiba observation ni.

Revolutionary struggle amagee, maru oina national liberation struggle amagee, maru oiba basic strength ti makhoigee meeyam amasung mahousagi phivam na peeba lammit-tumit ki khudong chaba aduni. Atei external base or factor singdi secondary ngaktani. Maram aduna, India gi Chinese connection, Myanmar amasung Bangladesh policy na maram oiraga pirakliba setback asina Manipur gee lanhoubagee khongjang asi loisillakle haina loubadi dialectics of liberation munna neinadaba mityeng oigani. Maramdi, houjiksu Manipur gi struggle asigee basic strength phajana leiri. Aduga China ga Myanmar gadi Bangladesh ki Awami League Government kum India na haiba khudingmak hekta yagaba leibak sing natte. Even Bangladesh su India gee khubam dagee nanthokhiba yari. Haibadi, eikhoigee struggle asigee secondary sources of strength asi completely dislodge toukhiroi. Matam matamgee khara ahongba leibatani.

 

V
On economic question

 

Malem: (Economic Programme) Pary na Manipur gi damak tentatively draft touraba economic programme adu karino?

Meghen: UNLF ki economic programme di makhagee national economic policy asigee matung inna chatthagani. Madudi:

(1) Agricutlure (including horticulture, etc.) na economic development ki yumpham (base) oigani. Maram aduna, agricutlrual sector asi modernise touduna industry gee thakta pukhatkani.

(2) Small and medium enterprise na economy gee leading factor oigani.

(3) Grassroots ta paikhatkadaba micro enterprise singna National Economic Movement ama sagatpagee motivating factor oigani.

(4) Pollution control touba waaba industry amadi heavy industry amatta paikhatloi.

Mathakki economic policy asigee guiding principle di— balance between nature and human development ni.

Malem: (Capitalist path) Manipur da implement touriba capitalist path asida party gi observation karino?

Meghen: India gee leingak makhada Manipur dasu implement touriba capitalist path asina eikhoigee socio-economic development purakpa ngamloi. Maramdi India gee Five Years Plan matung inna chattharakliba so called chaokhat-thourang asidi New Delhi da base touba, Manipur gee socio-economic and geographical realities gee specific knowledge leitaba meeyoisingna semba planni. Aduna 12th plan haibadi chahi 60 suraklaba chaokhat-thourang ngasisu machi lengdriba asini. Capitalist path ta changsinba asina khunnai asidasu mee khujok kharada social wealth makheigee mapu oikhigani. Aduga amaromdana leita-laira meecham kanglup singna chaakni phiniba oihallakkani. Oirakpasu yaore.

Malem: (Dependency) Manipur asi matamgi ahongba matung inna India Government ki subsidy and incentives makhada hinglakpa kuire. Manipur asi economically self reliant oide. India dagi tongan taba haiba wafam asi economically oithokpa yade. Wafam asida party gi stand karino?

Meghen: Mathaktasu haikhre, India Government na Manipur asi makhoigi captive market oina thammaga economic development ki thabak amatta paikhatpa toudana thambani. Haibadi, Manipur gee economy asi suppress touraga thambani. Masina eikhoibu hingbada waaba phivam amada leihalli. Aduga, makhoigee subsidy and incentives amadi government employee sing-gee salary na eikhoi hingnaba khakki oxygen supply piba tool oina sijinnabani. Masina eikhoigee meecham meeyambu India da taangjadradi hingba ngammoi haiba dependency psychology amana maithiraba meeyoi oihallak-ee. Mating maangsillak-ee. Phivam asigee khudong chaba louraga eikhoigee ningtam lanhou asibu sonthahannaba India dagee tongan taba haiba wapham asi economically oithokpa yade haiba araanba propaganda asi India government na kanna sandoknaba hotnei.

Malem: (Disinvestment and privatisaiton) Government na economic sectors kayada disinventment tourakpa aduga nakal amaromdana privatisation gi chang hen-gatlakpa asida party gi firep karino?

Meghen: India government na economic sectors kayada disinvestment tourakpa aduga nakal amaromdana privatisation gee chang hen-gatlakpa asida UNLF na phirep louningai leite. Maramdi UNLF ti India gee system asigee wangmada Manipur gee future ama semnaba hotnariba party ni. Adubu, India government na lourakliba khongthang sing asina Nehru gee matamdagee Indira Gandhi gee matam phaoba khara makhei leiramba democratic socialism adu mapung phana leiron chankhrabani. Houjikti India asi capitalist leipak oire, capitalist globalisation gee track tagee naanthokpasu ngamlaroi.

Malem: (Development) Party na karamba makhalgi developmental course promote toubagi firep leibage?

Meghen: UNLF ti socialism da thajaba party ni. Maram aduna, Manipur gee specific conditions ka chunnaba socialist development ki course ama promote tougani.

Malem: (Construction Sector) Government na construction sectors ta maru oina building infrastructe da invest touriba asida party gi observation karino?

Meghen: Government na construction sectors da maru oina building infrastructure da invest touriba asi meeyamgee mamit thak-hannaba hotnabani. Priority onnaba thabakni.

Malem: (Industrialisation) Manipur da industrialisation gi wafamda party gi firep karino?

Meghen: Houjik leiriba leingak asigee makhadadi Manipur da industry asi sak ooba fangkiroi. Maramdi Manipur da industry mai pakna chatthaba ngamlaklabadi Manipur as India da taangjadrabasu hingba yai haiba phivam asi meeyamna khangnarakkani. Amasung, masina Manipur ga India gagee marakta national contradiction asi henna machin thumhallakkani. Maram asi maknani, UNLF na micro and small enterprise sing promote toubage khongjang ama changsillakkhiba asisu.

Malem: (Airport expansion) Manipur da airport expansion gi matangda party gi firep karino?

Meghen: Nouna tougani hairiba airport expansion asi airport ama oibagee requirement khak yenglaga chatthaba thabak nate. Masigidamaktadi hanna lousinkhiba lam aduna hendokna yaare. Adubu, India government ki haidoktaba aronba thourang amadi eikhoigee ningtam lanhou asi namthanaba tung-koiba laallongda airport expansion gee mingda achouba military fort and logistic base ama semgatpagi thourangni.

Malem: (Dams) Manipur da Tipaimukh Dam amasung atei dam project ki matangda party gi firep karino?

Meghen: UNLF ti environment and ecology maang-taak-hanba project khudingmak oppose tou-ee. Aduna, Tipaimukh dam, Loktak project na chingba mega project pumnamak oppose touee. Oppose toubagi maru oiba atoppa maram amadi project sing asi Manipur gee water resources sing colonial exploitation gee damak sijinnathokkadaba thourangni. Manipur gee chaokhat-thourang gee natte. Manipur geedi maangjabagee maangjaba ngaaktani. Environment and ecological disaster thok-hanbada nattana putthokkadouriba electricity adugi 90% India gee national grid ta puthokkhigani. Amasung, madugee mapusu India government na oibanina electricity adu yonbagee mamal Manipur na phangloi.

Malem: (Oil drilling and exploration) Manipur da oil drilling & exploration gidamak MNC amada lam 4000 sq. Km lom lease toukhre haiba asida party gi firep karino?

Meghen: Manipur da MNC oirabasu ONGC oirabasu oil drilling and exlpiration amatta touhalloidabani haibasi UNLF ki phirepni. Masisu eikhoigee mineral resources colonial exploitation touba thouongni.

Malem: (Railways) Manipur da railways line yourakpagi matangda party gi firep karino?

Meghen: Manipur da railway line yourakpana kaanabadagee di maangjabana hen-gani. Houjik leiriba India gee leingak makha asidadi railway asi meetop haijillakpagee henna khudong chaba means ama oirani. Masigee paringda leigadaba station sing-gee akoibada meetop sing-gee settlement leisillakkani. India romdagee paathorakpa population atat akham leitana haijillakpham oirakkani. Masina already fragile oiraba demographic balance asi meetopna swamp toukhrani.

Malem: (Look East Policy) India gi look east policy hairiba international economic network project asida party gi firep karino?

Meghen: India gi Look East Policy (LEP) asigee maru oiba objective ani lei–- South East Asia asida China gee influence counter touba amadi eikhoigee (Western Southeast Asia gee) ningtam lanhousinggee external facilities neutralise touba amadi internally support base sonthahanba asini. Maram aduna, India gee LEP asi UNLF na eikhoigee struggle gee kannaba louthokpa yaba mawongda louthokkani. Khudam oina, LEP na Manipur ga Myanmar amadi Southeast Asia gee atei leipak singga connectivity amadi trade relations leinarakpaga loinana Manipur meeyamgee wakhal mityeng asi haanna Delhi, Mumbai, Bangaluru romda yenglamba du Mandalay, Yangon, Bangkok, Singapore nachingba city sing asomda ollaklani. Masina wakhal mityeng-gee lamda nongchup ollabadu nongpok lomda maiyon chummakpagee ahouba khongthang oirakpasu yai. Eikhoigee puya da predict touduna thanamba ‘nongchup thong lon-gani, nongpok thong hanggani’ haibadu ningsingba yai.

Malem: (Loktak) Loktak Development Act ki matangda party gi firep karino?

Meghen: Loktak Development Act ki marumda chattharakliba thourang asina Loktak ki comprehensive ecological and environmental protection toubagee aspect asi yaode haina khallli. Amaromda, Loktak Development Authority asisu mee kharagee peisa pekpham oire haibasi iphong-phongba wapham ni.

Malem: (Forestry and environment) Manipur da forestry & environment protection gi matangda party gi policy karino?

Meghen: Manipur gee houjik leiriba forest coverage amasung environment protection toubagee phirep UNLF ta chetna lei. Reforestation touba yaba mapham singda thabak paikhatpaga loinana tampaktasu social forestry gee thabak kanna paikhatpa mathou tai. UNLF ki base area leiba ching-gee lam singdadi logging touhandre. Loinana sajigumba wild animal singsu hatpa thingle.

Malem: (HRD) Human Resource Development ki matangda party gi investment karino?

Meghen: Human resource development asi khunnai semgat sagatpagee khwaidagee maru oiba machakni habaisi khangna party na thabak tourak-ee. Adubu school khara lingkhatpa amadi young scholar sing cultivate touba nattana singthaningai oiba mawongda investment touba ngammakte.

Malem: (Agriculture) Agricultural growth & agro based industry gi matangda party gi firep amasung achievement karino?

Meghen: Party gee national economic policy (NEP) matung inna agriculture asi Manipur gee economic development ki yumpham ni. Policy asigee ahaanba objective ti ekhoigee chaaba konnanaba foodgrain puthokpa asini. Masigeedamak Chinjakta Meepan Taangdaba haiba slogan asi partyna puthoktuna campaign ama chatthrarakpagi mahei oina foodgrain output phana phajana hen-gatli (Manipur na foodgrain puthokpada 40 / 50% hen-gatpa ngamkhiba, India government na award pirakkhibadu tasengbadi party gee contribution nani haibada laalloi). Atoppa singthaningai oiba thourang amana Loubuk Hangna Thamganu haiba campaign amasu houdoktuna phou lokpa loikhraba loubuksingda lousaal loumee amadi loupu sing punsillaga achou achouba loukol singda mustard seed (hanggam maru) thaabagee khongjang mai paakna paikhatpa ngamkhiba asini. Masina certified mustard seed India romdagee pusillaklambadu houjikti Manipur da puthokpa seed oina sijinnare. Masidagee lou pari amada Rs 25,000 di tha ahumgee manungda loumee singna laaina taanba ngamle. Masina amuk cottage industry oina leiramba hanggam thao sungbagee thourang khunggangsingda amuk paikhatnarakle. Masigee mathakta, agro-based industry da priority peeba party gee NEP matung inna food processing industry asi small enterprise oina paaikhatpada chaona mateng paangkhi. Ahaanbada Manipur gee kihom nachingba hei-ra processing toubagee thabak paaikhat-hankhi. Masina kihom thaaba loumee mayam amada kaannaba pibaga loinana Manipur gee kihom bu nouhounana mapan leipak singda masak taakpa houkhi.

Malem: (Rural economy) Rural economic growth ki matangda party gi mityeng amasung investment karino?

Meghen: Economic development ki matangda party gee mapung oiba concept ti urban amasung rural area ani asi khal mannana (balanced oina) semgatpa asini. Aduna economy gee leading factor oigadaba akhannaba small and medium entreprise (SME) sing Special Economic Zone gumba amada concentrate tourabasu rural area da paaikhatpa yaba micro (cottage) industry singdi chuna-chunaba mapham singda decentralise touraga paaikhatpa mathou tai. Masidagee small enterprise ki thaakta develop tourakpasu yaogani. Yaohannabasu hotnagani. Asumna rural economic growth tagee development ki thaakta pukhatlakpa yaagani. Hairiba policy perspective asigee matung inna party na encourage/ invest tourakliba economic activities singdi— phungga marup, fisheries, minor irrigations, sericulture, composite farming, loinana mathakta haikhraba chinjakata meepan taangdaba gee campaign amadi biotechnology da base touba atei activities kaya asini. Mayam asigee yamna modest oiba achievement ti eikhoi isaana hotnajaradi meepan taangdrabasu hingba ngamgani haiba liberating outlook ama thorakpa asini.

Malem: (Unemployment) Unemployment haiba wafam asi yamna chayetnaba wahei ama oiri. Wafam asida party gi unemployment definition karino? Unemployment ki meekok masing amasung mari leinana explanation amasung policy karino?

Meghen: Unemployment ki definition asi khunnai or leipak amada senthok-lambi oiba thabak supham- nomphal leitaba phivam aduni. Adubu Manipur da ngasi mayana khangnariba unemployment asidi government ki thabak phangdabasing adu khaktani. State government na record touriba unemployment ki statistics asisu government ki thabak phangdaba educated unemployed ki masing adukhaktani (about 7 lakh). Maram aduna, economiy gee indicator ama oina thabak phangdaba meeoi singgi masingdi 7 lakh asidagee yamna hen-gani. Phivam asi captive market economy gee general phenomenon ni.

Malem: (Poverty) Manipur da lairabagi masing chang hengatlakle haiba wafam asida party gi explanation amasung suggested solution karino?

Meghen: Manipur da lairaba gee chaang hen-gatle haibasi ngasigee khunnai asigee reality ni. Masigee maru oiba maramdi India gee leingak makhada captive market oina suppress touduna thammiba economy gee phivam (utong ahobada ising heibagee phivam). India gee capitalist system asina Manipur busu capitalist commodity na laak-hatlaba khunnai ama oihalle. Masina commodity ama oiraba peisa (money) asi leijadaba/ paaijadaba meeoi kanglup (class) singdi lairaba haibadu oire. Phivam asida capitalist consumer product mayam asi leiba ngamba middle class amadi India gee peisana na masak thokna semgatlakkhre (peisa asi salary oina, thika/ supply dagee huranba, government ki thabak haappage senja thumja, minister and bureaucrat singna louba percentage, asinachingba corruption dagee accumulate touba senpham singni). Aduna, ngasi Manipur khunnaida capitalist commodity sing asina maram oiraga lairaba amadi inakkhunba haiba kanglup ani asi mayek sengna uba phangle. Lairaba, as such, kok-hannaba solution di Manipur as India ga ngasi leinariba colonial relationship asidagee liberate touraga Manipur gee top-toppa phivamga chunnaba economic development ki lambida changsinba asini.

Malem: (Monopolist) Keithelda monopolist mayam ama emerge touriba amasung makhoina inflation thok-halliba asida party gi intervention karino?

Meghen: Manipur gee economy asi India gee capitalist economy gee captive market oina leiba phivam asida keithel da monopolist mayam ama thorakpa amasung makhoina inflation thok-halliba asida party na intervention touba yabagee space thoina leite. Manipur da kaa henna inflation thok-halliba maru oiba maram amadi Dimapur da NSCN–IM nachingba lanhoulup singna truck gaari singdagee louba tax ki mathakta goods tax yamna chaoba louba asini.

Malem: (Taxation) Lanhoubasing namduna meeyamdagi sel khai (extortion touee) hairi. Amaromda Lanhoubana thikadar / lallonbadagi sel khairabasu makhoisingna meeyamdagi khomgatli. Aduna party na makhoidagi louriba sel asi tasengbadi meeyamdagini. Economic margin nemna hingba wage labourer amadi loumeesingdi sel recover or extract toufam leite. Masida party gi explanation karino?

Meghen: UNLF na meeyamdagi extortion touba leite. Thikadar singdageedi yammabada 2% tagee henna loude. Aduga lallonbasingdagee loubadi makhoigee annual profit adu calculate tourgaga minimum amount ama loubani. Aduna senpham asi makhoina meeyamdagee amuk khomgatpham thokte. Panba yabadi lallonba macha masu (small trader) singdageedi party na peisa khaidre. Aduga tolop macha-chaaba lower middle class employee singdageesu peisa khaidaba chahi 15 rom phaare.

Malem: (Percentage) Lanhoubasingna sarkarga mannaraga project singgi thika louee Or makhoigi nominee singda thika pee Or percentage chaona louee. Masina maram oiraga project ki achouba senfam saruk khuding Lanhoubagi oi Or masina maram oiduna project quality maintain touhande. Hairiba wafam asida party gi explanation karino?

Meghen: UNLF ti thika/ supply gee thabak tokkhiba chahi 12 helle. Aduga sarkar ga maannaraga project singgee thika loubasu tourakte.

Malem: (Tourism) Lanhouba leibana tourism chaokhattabani hairi. Manipur da tourism promote toubagi wafamda party gi observation amasung policy karino?

Meghen: Lanhouba leibana tourism chaokhat tabani haibasi India government and state government ki propaganda ni. Masi tourism promote toubagee mingda makhoina heinathokliba senpham sing adu kupsinnaba hotnabani. UNLF su tourism promote touba yamna pammi. Masigee policy su lei. Adubu masida maru oiba wapham amadi tourist singda, maru oina foreign tourist singda (including from India) eikhoina uhan-gadouriba Manipur adu karamba Manipur no haibasi haanna leppa taai. Meegee matou tambanadi Manipur gee toruism chaokhat-hanba ngamloi. Of course, luba-naanba amadi public amenities di top-class international standard oihanba taai. Pumnamak asigee mathakta khwaidagee maru oiba waphamdi eikhoigee meeyamda tourism gee maramda amadi tourist singda makhoina yenggadaba mityeng, loinabagee mawong – samna hospitality— gee maramda awareness peeba yamna maru oi. Maramdi tourism haibasi the whole population involve touba industry ni. Phivam asi leitrimakhei tourism maai paakna promote touba oithokloi.

Malem: (FDI) Lanhouba leiba maramna Foreign Direct Investment leitabani. Masina chaokhatpa thilhalli hairi. Masida party gi explanation karino?

Meghen: Lanhouba leibana foreign direct investment khara makhei discourage toubadi leiramba yai. Adubu FDI leitriba asidi India government na thouwoina changhandabani. Maramdi mapan leipak singda India government na haiba wafamdi ‘law and order’ problem kharadi lei armed conflict ti leite haibasini. Aduna FDI laakladi foreigner invester singna Manipur da armed conflict lei haibasi khangkhrani haina India government na khalli. Atoppa maram amana FDI laakaldi maduna lanhouba singgee source of income ama oikhigani haibagee chingnabasu lei. Maram aduna, Manipur gee chaokhatpa thilhallibadi Government of India gee colonial policy ni.

Malem: (Relations of production) arty na karamba makhalgi relation of production promote toubagi firep leibage?

Meghen: UNLF ki social goal di socialism oiba maramna socialist relations of production promote tougani. Adubu masi tangkak naina, tongan tonganba sector singgee specific conditions matung inna various forms leigani.

 

VI
On community

 

Malem: (Integrity) Manipur da recognised furup 35 rom khundari. Furupsinggi sovereignty gi notion amasung homeland perception leijei. Asi mayamsi matou karamna reconcile touraga apunba stable political community ama samba oithokkadage? Manipur da khundariba furup sing asigi saktam yokkhatpagi amasung chaokhat-hanbagi kari policy leibibage? Meesing hantharaktuna mutkhiba yabagi akiba leiraba furup macha machasing asi mutkhidanaba kari policy leibibage? Ngamkhei haibasi puwarigi fivam matung inna pakthok piksin naiba potsak amani. Manipurda khundariba furupsinggi ee marisinggi ngamkheiga leibakki ngamkheiga chunnade. Furupsingna nungsinarabadi furp ateisu henna punsinnaduna ngamkhei asi pakthokpasu yari haiba wafamsida kari mot leibibage?

 Meghen: Houjik Manipur haina khangnariba leipak asida chahicha kaya khunaminnaraklaba phurup mayam (houjik India leingakna recognise touraba phurup 35 rom) asi maagee maagee sovereignty gee amasung homeland gee leinariba perception mayam asi reconcile touraga apunba stable political community ama semba gee wapham asi essentially mayam asigee marakta thorakliba almost antagonistic oihallaba contradiction sing wakheibagee (resolve toubagee) waphamni. Masi tasengnamak achouba historical challenge amani. Maramdi almost antagonistc contradictions oihallaba contradiction sing asi non-antagonistc contradictions oina transform touhallakpagee yamna delicate oiba process ama mathou tai. Masigee process ta, ngasi irreconcilable contradictions oirakliba asi reconcile tounaduna wakheigadaba contradiction singni. Adubu, ngasi leiriba India gee leingak-wayel asigee makhadadi hairiba approach amasung method asi oithoktre haibasidi yamna mayek single. Maramdi, Indian constition na ST, SC and OBC haiduna compartmentalise touduna thammaba khunnai asida maagee maagee right and quota phangnaba hotnabada ethno-exclusive oiba political agenda khakta khallaga ehou changsinnei. Phurup mayam asi chaanna-chinnana hingminnabagee inclusive outlook thoraknaba phivam leihande. Phivam asidadi phurup mayam asi lupminnaba nattana hingminnabagee phivam semba oithoktre. Maram aduna, Manipur gee phurup mayam asi apunba stable political community (rather as a nation) hingnabageedamak makhagee khongthang sing asi louba tai:

(1) India gee loilam leingak tagee liberate touraga apunba, maning makha tamba leipak ama semminnaba. Amadi leikpak asigee ming Manipur nattaba, phurup pumnamakta acceptable oiba atoppa ming ama thonba.

(2) Maning tamba leipak adugee leingak wayel adu autonomy at all levels haiba principle asida yumpham oiba people’s democracy chatnaba apunba leingak oiba.

(3) Phurup khudingmak maagee maagee top toppa saktam ngaakpa amasung yokkhatpagee matik mangan leiba.

(4) Phurup pumnamak amana amagee top toppa saktam ikai-khumnaba amasung sougatnaba.

(5 Phurup pumnamak amaga amaga mapaan taangnana hingminnaba amasung chaokhat minnaba. Loinana asigumba punsirol adudagee masaana thokcharakpa (evolve tourakpa) anouba apunba saktam adu thamoi sengna yokkhatminnaba.

Ngasi eikhoi pumnamakna maiyoknariba phurup ki saktam maangkhigadouraba phivam asidagee kanjanaba lambeedi mathakki asitani. Masi eikhoigee historical necessity ni.

Manipur gee phurup singgee saktam yokkhatpa amasung chaokhat-hanbagee maru oiba policy principle di mathakta pankhre. Masi thabak oina pangthokpada lamjing lamtak piba amasung research tounaba institution sing lingkhatpa mathou tai. Loinana, asigumba institution sing asi chungsinnaduna eikhoigee phurup singgee cultural similarities and differences adu puthoktuna similarities sing aduna common cultural identity amagee basis oinaba semgatpa. Aduga differences sing aduna phurup sing asigee distinct cultural identity adu masak thokna thamba amausng yokkhatpagee yumpham oihanba yai.

Meesing hanthraktuna mutkhiba yabagee akiba leiraba phurup macha machasing asi kannabagee ahaanbada lougadaba khongthangdi masing hantharakliba (degerate tourakliba) asigee biological, socio-economic amadi cultural causes adu identify touba mathou tai. Masi touraba matungda problem asi kok-hannaba means puthokpa taai. Asumna touraba matungda target community aduda hairiba problem amasung masigee solution adugee maramda awareness sagattuna community as a whole act touhanba chang-i.

Ngamkhei habasi puwarigee phivam matung inna paakthok-piksin naaiba potsak amani. Manipur da khundariba phurupsing gee ee-maree sing-gee ngamkheiga leipakki ngamkheiga chaasinnaba phivam leitei. Phurup singna nungsinarabadi phurup ateisu punsillaktuna henna chaoba leipak ama seminnaba yari haibasida UNLF na thaajei. (Manipur haiba leipaksida phurup ateisu yaosillaktuna masigee ngamkhei paakthokpakhak nattaba).

Malem: (Language) Manipuri lon asi India gi VIII Schedule na masak khangbiba asida kari mot leibibage? Manipuri lon asi anouba wahei develop toudabana maram oiduna meereipakki anouba lon kayana dominate touba ooba fangle. Masida kari observation leibage amasung masi overcome tounaba kari thourang paikhatlabage? Furup apikpasinggi lon singsu chaokhat-han-gadabani haiba wafam asida kari mot leibage?

Meghen: Manipuri lon asi India na masak khangbibasi phei. Adubu India gee VIII Schedule da yaorabani haiduna lon asi Indianise tounaba hotnabadi chumde.

Ngasi Manipuri lon hainaribasi tasengbadi Meetei lon ni. Meeteilon gee thaakta adum leiri. Ngasi Manipur haiba identity asi louraga Manipur da khundariba phurup singnasu yaningna accept touraba lingua franca oiba lon ama oina, haibadi Manipuri lon oinadi develop toudriba lon ni. Masina atei phurup singnasu Manipuri haibasi Meitei/ Meetei ga amata oina louee. Aduga Manipuri lon buna Meeteilon oina khangnei. Houjik mathou taaribasi meereipakki lon, masigee marumda Indian language su challe, singdagee wahei-wata mayam ama haapchillakliba asi toktuna Manipur gee atei phurup singgee lon (dialect) singdagee chunnaba phajaba wahei-wata sing Meiteilon da haapchillaga masibu Manipur gee phurup pumnamakna sijinnaba lon oihanaba develop touba asini. Science and technology gee anouba potthok nachingba asisu eikhoigee lon da anouba ming/ wahei puthokpa chang-ee. Awatpa asi khara makhei menkhattuna direction ama pinaba research work khara party na sponsor touraga thabak chatthari.

Phurup apikpa sing-gee lon singsu chaokhat-han-gadabani haiba wapham asi party na mapung phana sougatli. Maramdi lon mayam asi develop toubagee process ta Meiteilon asisu adum chaokhatlakkani. Mayam asi develop toubagee process ta meiteilon asina mayam asi samjinnaba link-language ama oibagee reality adu henna masak thorakkani. Asumna, meiteilon asi Manipuri lon haibadu masaana oijarakkani. Impose touruba nattabada. Samna hairabada Meiteilon chaokhat-hanba haibasi atei lon sing asisu chaokhat hanbagee dialectical process ama pigadabani.

Malem: (Diasporas) Manipuri diaspora hairaga party na karamba meeyoisingbu masak khangbage? Diaspora sing asida yengliba mityeng amasung makhoida thamliba paandam adu fongdokpiyu.

Meghen: Manipur diaspora hairaga khangnaba yabasi 1819 dagee chahi taret khutakpa matamda Manipur dagee choijainana laanjennakhiba Meitei sing; awa laanmee singna lanpha oina pukhiba Meitei sing adudagee houraga ngasi phaobada Manipur thaadoktuna atei leipak singda khunda leitakhraba Manipur gee phurup khudingmakki meeoi sing asini. Manipur diaspora haibasi Meitei diaspora oina wahanthok peeroidabani.

Malem: (Immigration) Adomgi party na karamba meeyoisingbu outsider / foreigner haina khangnabage? Burma, Bangladesh, Tripura, Assam amasung atei mafamsingda khundariba Meetei amadi Manipur ngamkhei wangmada khundariba community affliation oiba Kuki-Chin- Mizo kaya asigi kangbusing asi Manipur da changlakke hairabadi makhoibu immigrant / outsider / foreigner oina reject tougadra or accommodate tougadra? Sugaina fongdokpiyu. Adomgi party gi immigration policy adu fongdokpiyu. Manipur dagi maheiroi amasung job seeker kaya lishang shitna India gi atei mafamsingda emigrate touba asida adompgi observation karino?

Immigration: Manipur gee citizen/ national nattaba atei leipakki meeoisingbu outsider/ foreigner haina khangnagani.

Phivam kharadagee Manipur thaadoktuna chatkhiba Manipur macha sing amadi makhoigee macha masu singdi Manipur da amuk hallakpa paamlabadi accommodate toupham thok-i. Khudam oina, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Tripura and Assam da khundariba Meeteising, Israle da khundaruni haina chatkhraba Kuki sing asi accommodate toupham thok-ee. Adubu, Manipur gee ngamkhei wangmada khundariba (maphamduda khundaduna leiraklaba, Manipur dagee chatkhiba nattaba) Kuki- Chin-Mizo kangbuna Manipur da khundarage hairabadi accommodate toupham thokte. Maramdi makhoi diaspora gee saaruk natte.

Eikhoigee immigration policy gee maru oiba pandamdi Manipur da meetop/ foreigner lonna haijillakpa check touba amasung deport toukhiba asina oigani. Adubu houjik policy asi mapung phana implement touba ngambagee paanggal and necessary structure adu leitriba maramna policy asigee details su decide toudri.

Manipur dagee maheiroi amasung job seeker kaya lishang shitna India romda eimigrate touriba asina Manipur da mahei tambagee khudong chaaba institutions leitre amadi thabak supham nomphamsu leire haibasi sengna utli. Masisu colonial rule asigee makhada Manipur gee education system fail oirakpa rather kang-khong chairakpa amadi captive market ki economic situation adugee reflection amani. Adubu masidagee thorakpa positive outlook amadi India gee Bangalore nachinbga metro singda tolop chaona phangba thabak tokthoklaga Manipur da hallaktuna business establish touba hounarakpa asini.

 

VII
On welfare state

 

Malem: (Definition) Karamba khunnaigi fivambu welfare state haina party na masak khangbage?

Meghen: Welfare state haibadi nungai yaiphaba khunnaigee machang oiba phivamdi equitable distribution of social wealth leiba khunnai oipham thok-ee.

Malem: (Women) Manipur asi patriarchal khunnai amani. Nupising asi nupagi chindung makhada hing-ee haiba wafam asida kari mot leibage? Nupisingbu cultural repository oiduna makal makhalgi restriction kaya thammi. Nupasingdadi masigumba restriction thamde. Aduna gender discrimination lei, male chauvinism lei haiba wafamsida kari observation leibibage? Lanhoubasinggi manungda mayum pallaba macha leiraba nupi cadres singbu rank down touee or active membership tagi ming louthok-ee. Aduna nupeesing asi discriminate touee haiba wafam asida kari mot leibibage?

Meghen: Manipur asi patriarchal khunnai ama oirabasu nupi na nupa gee chindung makhada hing-ee haiba wapham asidi chumba watli. Masigee khudam Meira Paaibee gee phenomenon asini. Masi eikhoigee khunnaida meehourol dagee leirakpa nupi singi status adu reflect touba phivamni. Eikhoige khunnaida nupi amasung nupa na lounagadaba thoudang asi mayek sengna khaidoktuna laak-ee. Aduna nupa na louba thoudang gee area aduga nupi na nupa gee waa lougani. Aduga nupi na louba thoudanggi area dana nupa na nupi gee waa taagani.

Nupi sing asi eikhoigee khunnaigee cultural repository amani. Aduga nupa singdi saa-laan da, ayaamba matamda thabak chinduna laakpa maramna masi oirakte, except phamnaiba sing amasung award ki khudam oina peeba phijet-phirol nattana. Maram aduna, eikhoigee cultural identity ngaakpagee achouba thoudang ama nupi singna loupham thok-ee. Masi resctriction oina impose toubadi chumde. Conscious responsibility ama oihan-gadabani. Masi khangnadaba maramna nupa singda gender chauvinism gee aranba attitude thorakpa lei. Masisu rectify touba chang-ee.

UNLF tadi party gee chatnabi matung inna mayum paallaba nupi cadre singna makha taana toukhige or touraroi haibasi masaana lepchaba gee right lei. Aduna yum paalle macha leire haiduna hekta discharge toude. Makhoiga chunaba thabak touhanbagee provision lei. Aduna nupee singbu discriminate toubagee phivam leite.

Malem: (Workers) Manipur gi sinmising asi karamba fivamda leiribage? Migrant worker sing mapandagi pusillakpa asida kari observation leibage? Manipur sinmee singgi oiba khongjang mapanggal sonbagi maram karino? Lanhoubasingna sinmee singgi khongjangda thoina interest loude haiba wafam asida kari mot leibage? Party gi oiba sinmeesinggi programme karino?

Meghen: Manipur gee sinmee sing asi khwaidagee waana hingba kanglup amani. Makhoibu employ touriba enterprise/ industry singsu hingnaba hotnabagee achouba problem maiyoknaba maramna sinmee singna makhoigee khutsuman chaang naaina phangde. Masina nena taadaba phivam ama matam pumbada sinmee singna maiyoknei. Masida peisa phajana tannaba paoche puthokpa printing press ta thabak touba sinmee singdi phivam khara pharamba yai. Sinmee sing-gee asonba amana leiriba means of production sing asigee thaak nemba maramna sinmee sing asi masagee class status asi khanglaba conscious class ama oina organise toubasu ngamdri. Houjikti makhoi asi makhoibu employ touriba owner singda mapaan taanglaga hingbagee phivam da leiri.

Manipur sinmee singgee oiba khongjang paanggal sonbagee maru oiba maramsu mathakta palliba sing asini.

UNLF ki oinadi worker sing-gee khongjangda interest loudaba karisu leite. Amaromda, eikhoigee ningtam lanhou asi phurup ama oina hingbagee lanhou khakta natte. Leita laaira meecham kanglup sing (proletariat) ki hingbagee laanthengsu masigee saruk amani. Aduna tasengbadi masing yamjadrabasu sinmee sing asi eikhoigee ningtam lanhougee essential oiba paanggal gee saruk amani.

Party gi oiba sinmee singgee programme di—ngasigee ningtam lanhou changsillingei tangkak asidadi makhoigee phangpham thokpa right phanghannaba hotnabaga loinana organised oiraba patriotic class ama oihanduna national struggle asigeedamak phirep ama louhanba amasung democratic oiba ehou singda maangjin thaaba thoudang louhannaba hotnaba asini.

Malem: (Peasants) Party gi oiba loumeesinggi programme karino?

Meghen: Party gee oiba loumee singgee programme di loumee kanglup as such— inak khunba loumee, mayai oina nungaiba loumee (masaagee lou kharasu leiba, aduga atoppadagee lou-su saanba sing), atoppadagee lou saallaga hingba loumee sing, amadi khullang loumee sing— asi chinjakta meepan tangdaba gee campaign asida yaohanduna makhoisu patriotic productive force ama oihanba amasung campaign asigee material benefit adu makhoida masak thokna phanghanduna motivation happa. Maru oina, khutlang loumee amasung atoppagee lou saallaga hingba laairaba loumee singgee hingbagee phivam phagatnaba hotnagani.

Malem: (Education) Manipur gi education asi privatisation touba asida kari observation leibage? Manipur university asi central university onkhiba amasung atei central university lingkhatlakpa asida kari observation leibage? Houjik Manipur da CBSE henna pamnarakpa asigi maram amasung masida kari observation leibage?

Meghen: Manipur gee education asi privatisation toubagee trend ama laaklibasi tasengbadi State government na lousillaba school / college singda laairik phajana tambidabagee education da thawai yaojaba singna private institution sing amuk hanna lingkhatnarakpani. Aduga catholic mission school sing asisu leiriba awatpa asigee khudong chaaba louraga lingkhatlakkhibani. Hairiba private institution sing asi hanna government institution oiramba nattabanina phenomenon asi privatisation haibamakti yaadri. Aduga mayam asi India gee atei state singda toubagumna capitalist industry oibagee character su phajana leitri. Ningsingba yabadi, Manipur da education gee history asi patriotic oiba educationist singna private oina lingkhatkhiba school/ college na mapung oibani. State government na lousinkhraba matungda corruption gee makon oirakpadagee collapse tourakpani.

Manipur university or any other educational institutions, party na excellent institutions oihanning-ee. Aduna central university onkhiba onkhidaba asi maru oide haina khalli. Adubu central university onkhrabasu Manipur da leiba university ama oibagee specific focus amadi leipham thok-ee. Aduga central university oirabasu Sanskrit university di Manipur da mathou taade; masidi Indianisation gee thouwongni haina loupham thok-ee.

Houjik Manipur da CBSE henna paamnarakpa asigee maram amadi masida pass touba oiragadi Indiagi college amadi atei institution singda admission phangba khara henna khudong chaaba. Amaromdana, state ki board na louba exam singda chatnariba marking system ga CBSE gee system ga chaasinnadaba, haibadi State Board na marks likna peeba asisu maram ama oiba yai.

Malem: (Medical sector) Hospital dagi chingna medical sector gi saruk ayamba privatise tourakpa amadi private hospitalsing lingkhatnarakpa asida kari observation leibage? Government hospital singda thabak touba doctor singna mayum mayumda amasung private clinics kayada sel yamna louduna layengbagi chatnabi ama leire. Masida kari observation leibage? Leita laira meeoising, private company amasung self employee singda medical insurance / subsidy fangdaba asida kari observation leibage? Medical sector gi growth asi Manipur manungda inter-regional disparity leiba asigi impact amasung masida kari observation leibage?

Meghen: Manipur dadi hanna government ki or public sector gee oiramba hospital sing privatise toubadi leitri. Houjik private hostipal sing lingkhatnarakliba asidi private enterprise thorakpani. Private enterprise tourakpasi, ngasi leiriba phivam asidadi thoraktaba yadabani. Maramdi state or public sector nadi meeyamda aphaba healthcare peeba ngamdre. Private enterprise thorakpasina State ki hospital singga competition ama thorak-ee. Competition asida servive tounaba state hospital singsu khara makhei improve tourakkani. Panba yabadi Cuba dadi healthcare and eductation asi meeyamda free service peeri, despite US imposed sanctions. Houjik eikhoigee aphaba private hospital sing leirabasu maduda changba kharach ti yamna chaoba nina eikhoigee leita-laaira meecham kanglup singdadi khudong chadaba phivam adum maiyoknari.

Government hospital singda thabak touba doctor singna mayumda or private clinic singda sel yamna louduna layengbagee practice asi professional ethics natte. Masina government hospital singda ningthijana layengba chathadabagee maru oiba maramni. Masi leiriba system asi deliver toudre haibadugee khudam macha amani.

Leita laira meeoibasing, private company amasung self-employed singda medical insurance / subsidy phangde haibasi government ki comprehensive healthcare system ama leitabagee khudamni.

Chahi 60 henna India gee makhada leirakliba phivam asida Manipur gee mapung oiba (more than 85%) chingmee tammee meeyamdi health care gee khudong chaaba phangdana leiri. So far, government hospital singdi district head quarter singdada lei, aduga health centre and sub-centre amatta function toude. Private hospital di Imphal da ayaamba lei. Masigee imbalance asina athaappada leiba chinggee khunja singda alienation effect chaona leihalli.

Malem: (Reform) Party na paikhatpa social reform thabaksing adu kari karino? Kadai faoba mai pakpage, kadaifaoba khudongthiba mayoknabage, amasung karam karamba lepkhrabage? Mapung oina khunnaida reform mathou tarakliba adu karidagino amasung kari paandamno?

Meghen: Party na ahanbada actively paikhatpa houkhiba social reformation gee thabakti eikhoi gee nupi singgee asengba saktam nouhounana rediscover touduna khunnaida makhoina lourakkhiba thoudang adu amuk hanna louhanba asini. Phivam asi semnabageedamak 1980s loisillakpa aduwaidagee nupi singda nattaba lamchat chatpa (rape) amadi rape touraga haattokpa gee thoudok yamna hen-gatlakpadagee 1990 dagee houna rapist singbu UNLF na ahakpa cheirak peeba houkhi. Loinana nupi singda otpa-neiba gee maiyoktasu thabak paikhatpa houkhi. Campaign asina, matam kuina eikhoigee khunnaida, maru oina nupi singda, phun-gattuna leiramba pendaba saoningba mayam adugee outlet ama peeba ngamkhi. Makhoina, UNLF na lourakliba khongthang adu mapung phaana sougatkhi. Masiga loinana, matam duda nisa (drugs, alchohol, etc.) na laak-hatkhigadouraba khunnai asi kannaba-geedamak drugs and alcholol gee maiyoktasu party na akanba khongjang changsinkhi. Khongjang asina meira paibee gee ehouda achouba enot ama peeba ngamkhi. Campaign asida thengnakhiba khudong thibamak natragasu resist tourakkhiba phivam amadi country ligquor yonba thingbada masi yonba singga party cadre singga phuna-cheinaba khara thokkhi. Adubu yumgee nupi singnadi yamna haraonakhi. Houjik campaign sing leptri. Adubu nupi da nattaba lamhat chatpa gee maiyokta chathaba campaign di marakta khara latpa leikhre.

Eikhoigee khunnai da reform mathou taaraklibasi leiriba system asigee phattaba cheithengna eikhoigee khunnai asigee nunggee paanggal oirakpa core socio-cultural values sing adu kemthahallakpa asini. Masina maram oiraga eikhoigee khunnai asi maikei palleppham khangdana drift touduna leiba phivam amada putharakliba asidagee chingkhattaba yadabani. Masida khwaidagee maru oiba thoudang lougadaba social force ti eikhoigee nupi kangbu ni. Maram aduna, nupi bu khunnaigee khwaidagee waangba thaakta pukhattuna makhoina loupham thokpa leipakki amadi khunnai gee thouang adu louhanba haibasi UNLF ki pandamni.

Malem: (Judicial) Indian judicial system asida kari observation leibibage? Traditional judicial system da kari observation leibibage? Party na involve touduna warak watemba asina parallel judicial system ama leihnbadouna touee. Masida kari observation leibage. Partyna lingkhatpa judicial system asigi pandam and impact karino? Masina kadaifaoba state judicial system asiga mannabage or khennabage? Tongan tonganba party singna lingkhatlakliba tongan tonganba judicial system asina thok-halliba chayetnaba amasung masi reconcile toubagi wafamda observation thmbiyu.

Meghen: Indian judicial system asi basically British rule matamda subject people amabu namthaduna thamnaba leingak-wayel adugee saruk amani. Asigumba colonial judicial system asi ngasi independent oire hairiba Indian union na inherit toubagee mawongda adum sijinnari. Mityeng asidageedi ngasisu India gee citizen sing asi British colonial judicial system adudagee ningtamba fangdri haiba loubada lalloi. Masi Indian system asigee basic contradiction amani. Aduna ngasi chatnariba Indian judicial system asi fail oire. Masina meecham meeyamda justice peeba ngamdre haibasidi civil suit ama chahi 30 hellaphao loisinba ngamdaba, criminal case singsu chahi 7-8 henna changba, highest court tageena lowest court mayam asida pending leiriba hundreds of thousands of cases sing asina mayek senglaba khudamni. Aduga common complaint amana, ‘justice leiba [purchase] yai, aduna, laariaba peisa leijadaba singdi justice fangde’ haibasisu system asigee inherent weakness amani.

Traditional judicial system gee aphaba aspect yamna lei—matam changde, senja thumja gee space kaya leite. Masida yumpham oiraga eikhoigee oiba anouba judicial system ama puthokpa yamna mathou tai.

Party na involve touduna warak watemba khakta nattana justice adjudicate toubagee thabak asi tasengnamak parallel judicial system ama function toubani. Masi eikhoina houruba natte, meeyamna party da thajaba leibadagee watembiyu haiduna laakpani. Eikhoigee judicial system di yamna practical oi, yamna sammi, achumbadu puthoknana party na investigate touee –complainant/ plaintiff, defendant amadi maree leinaba sources singdagee statement lou-ee, besides naakal anina puthokpa witness singgee mathakta.

Masida lawyer gee mathou taade. Process asida achumba du adum puthokpa ngammi. Party gee judicial system asigee pandamdi matam changhandana justice peeba asini. Masiggee positive impact na hanna India gee system makhada leiriba court singda case pukhatnarambadu chaang yamna hanthramgani. UNLF ta oina achumba toubiyu haina yamna laakhiba asi yenglagadi.

Tongan tonganba party singna tongan tonganba judicial system lingkhatnaba asina houjikki oinadi chayetnaba khara leihalli. Adubu yawollup sing-gee apunba platform ama leiraklaba matam adada (such as a provisional revolutionary government) masi kok-hanba ngamgani.

Malem: (Sports) Manipur da sports yokkhatpaga mari leinana party gi observation amasung policy fongdokpiyu. Manipur gi sports person sing asi active service ta thabk changnei. Active service haibasi lanhoubasinggadi lan-kapnadouribani. Masida party gi mot karino?

Meghen: Sports asi UNLF na yamna thawai yaojaba area amani. Ngasi phaobada Manipur na India gee amadi world gee sannabungda masak thokpa mana mathum louba ngamlakliba asidi thawai yaojaba sports promoters, coach sing amadi saannaroi singgee sheer determination commitment and motivation na ngamhanbani. Lairaba state ni, lairaba saannaroi ngaktani. Adubu makhoida phurupki mating (national character) adu yaoba maramna mai paakpa ngambani. Adubu achouba hurdle amadi India gee sports federation sing-gee racist attitude towards sports persons from Manipur asini. Except makhoina namthaba ngamlaroidaba Mary Kom gumba outstanding sannaroi khara nattana ateidi racist discrimination gee victims oiri. Khudong chaba fanglabadi party nasu Manipur gee sports asi mawong taana yokkhatpada thoudang lougani haibagi policy lei.

Manipur gee sports person sing active service ta changnaribasi atoppa avenue kaya leitaba (makhoiga chunnaba) asigee khudong chaaba louraga chatthaba policy ni haina khalli. Masisu Manipur macha masel haatnahanba policy gee saruk amani haina louba yai. Eikhoigee sannaroi singdi laairabanina apiba thabak ama adum louba taabani.

Malem: (Servants) Manipur da sex business amasung domestic servant masing hen-gatlakpa asida kari observation leibage?

Meghen: Manipur da sex business hen-gatlakpa asigee maru oiba maramdi India gee colonial rule makhada suppress touduna lairakliba Manipur gee economy gee phivam asi asum-asum chapsillaktuna leita laaira meecham kanglup sing hingba warakpa asini. Asigumba, sufam nompham marang kaina leitaba socio-economic condition asida mawa mapuroiba khainaraba or mawa mapuroiba gee senthok lambi leitaba phivam na compel tourakpadagee imung thaakpa ngamnaba mou naha singna sex business ki langda thurakpani. Asi nattaba atei social causes singsu leigani. Aduga domestic servants thamnaba hen-gtlakpasi India romgee chatnabi matou tamba asisu maram amani. Adubu maru oiba maramdi traditional family system adu kinthrakpa, thabak touba matei-manao singna tonganna chaanarakpa dagee nuclear family oirakpa amasung masina extra hand mathou taarakpa asini. Samna hairabada ngasigee colonial economy asigee impact na eikhoigee khunnaida purakliba socio-cultural value sing kemtharakpani.

 

VIII
On cultural question

 

Malem: (Religion) Manipur asida laining laison masing yamna chatnei. Makhoising asi yetnahandaba haibasi shanti gidamak mathou tai. Masida mot karino?

Meghen: Manipur da khennaba laining laison yamna chatnei. Aduna khunnai asida complex oiba religious contradictions lei. Masi mahousani. Aduna religious community sing asi harmonious oina leiminnaba, amaana amagee religion ikai khumnaba, namduna convert touhanbagee practice tounadaba, conservative religious barriers sing adu louthoknaduna inter-faith outlook ama semgatnaba hotnaba yamna maru oi. Tasengbadi, wapham asi Manipur da khundaminnariba phurup pumnamak mapaan taangnana hingminnabagee su maru oiba requirement amani. Samna hairabada, religious contradictions asi maram chumna handle touba gee wakhamni.

Malem: (Moral policing) Houjik changsilliba restaurant cleansing drive asida kari mot leibage? Manipur da huran chinthi amasung nisha laichubagi chang hen-gatlapa asida kari observation leibage?

Meghen: State police na anti-people oiba thabak ngaakta touduna leirabanina CSO singna moral policing gee thabak asi chattharakpa masana taabani. Adubu restaurant cleansing gee drive asidi pharagasu masina phenomenon asina uthorakliba laaina dudi kok-hanba ngamloi. Maramdi restaurant phenomenon asidi laaina gee symptom ni. Hotel or anywhere da masi adum thokli. Aduna symptom asidagee laina adu diagnose touba changli. Anyway, cleasnsing drive asi aphaba khongang amani.

Manipur da huran chinthi hen-gatlakpasi hingbagee phivam chapsillakdagee short cut thiba oibasu yai. Adubu huran chinthi macha masu ayambadi drug addict singna touba oigani. Aduga nisha da laichubagee chaang hen-gatlkapa asidi supham nompham leiraktaba amadi oiriba phivam asida tunggee lambi uraktaba dageee nisha da taainabani haina khalli. Apunba mityengda, Manipur khunnai asi kemtharakpa, direction ama leiraktabagee khudamni.

Malem: (Holiday) Manipur gi holiday lists sing asida meetei oriented oibasingna dominate touba aduga apikpa furp kayagidi sukyao yaodaba asida kari observation leibage?

Meghen: Manipur gee holiday list asi, party gee mityengdadi, yarikhei kakthatpana phei. Adubu apikpa phurup singgeedi list ta yaohanba chummi, restricted holiday oirasu.

Malem: (Dress code) Manipur da nupi singgi dress code impose touduna sari nachingba Mayanggi dress setpa thingba asigi explanation karino? Athingba asi kadaifao mai pak-ee, amasung kadaifao oithokpa yabage? Adubu nupadi khudei prescribe toudaba amasung athingba aduk hakna thamdaba asigi maram karino?

Meghen: Party na Manipur gee nupi singda dress code impose toubadi leite. Adubu eikhoigee nupi singna sari setpadi eikhoisu paamde. Maramdi masi eikhoigee nupi singgee physical feature ga chunaba watli, expensive oi, convenient oide, marou oina eikhoigee identity blurr touhalli. Atei lup singna thammiba athingba asi reasonably maai paakli haina khalli. UNLF ki wakhal dadi athingba thambaga loinana awarenss campaign amasu yamna mathou tai. Maramdi masi ekhoigee nupi singgee conscious stand oiba chang-ee. Madutada 100% maai paakkani. Aduga nupa singbu khudei setlu haina prescribe touba asidi khara ridiculous oire. Adubu, eikhoigee social events and thouram singda nupa singna India romgee phijet nattaba eikhoigee oiba phijet–-khudei or something—prescribe toubadi yai khalli. Masi khunnaigee chatnabi ama oina puthokpa chang-ee.

Malem: (Art and dance) Sarkargi institution kayada apikpa furupsinggi jagoi eesei amadi art asinachingba syllabus manung chandaba asida party gi kari observation no?

Meghen: Sarkargee institution kayada apikpa phurup singgee jagoi eesei amadi art asina chingba syllabus manung chande haibasi Manipur asi masak khangdaba, Manipur da khundaminnariba phurup mayam asigee apunba saktam ama saagatpa mathou tai haibasi uba ngamdaba Meetei centric oiba thouwongni. Masisu atei phurup singna inthokpire haina khalhanbagee maram amani.

IX
On media and information

 

Malem: (Publicicty) Adomgi party na karam karamba londa amadi mayekta publicity toubage?

Meghen: Party gee publicity asi maru oina Manipuri lon amadi English lon da tou-ee. Adubu specific requirement leirabadi Manipur gee atei dialect singda toubasu yaoee.

Malem: (Wall poster) Matam amada wall posters / painting kaya pak sanna tourammi. Madugi impact karino? Madu lepkhibagi maram karino?

Meghen: Matam amada wall posters/ wall writings kaya paak sanna tourambadu masigee khudong chaaba phivam leibadageeni. Masina eikhoigee meeyamda, maru oina naharol singda ningtam lanhougee paojel phajana peeba ngamkhi amasung makhoibu inspire touba ngamkhi. Masi lepkhibagee maram amadi print and electronic media da struggle asigee maram da coverage henna phanglakpa, aduga to some extent, yeknabagee network kungsillakpa maramna masigumba thabak toubada khudong chaadaba leirakpa asini. Adubu masi pumlep leppagee wakhamdi leite.

Malem: (Publication) Adomgi party gi oiba booklet, dossier, journal, bulletin asinachingba public na laina access touba ngamdaba / fanghandabagi maram karino?

Meghen: Party gee publication sing public na laina access touba ngamde haibasi chummi. Adubu masi phanghandabadi natte. Distribution gee practical problem leibanani.

Malem: (Visual and audio) Adomgi party gi oiba video, audio, website, clip asinachingba public cta circulate toudaba / touba ngamdabagi maram karino?

Meghen: Party gee oiba video, audio clip singdi marak marakta public ta youhalli. Website ti thamdre.

Malem: (Language) Adomgi party gi lanhou asi India manung amadi wangmada youhannaba Hindi, English amasung atei lonsingda literature puthokpa leibra? Hindi da puthoktuna India manungda circulate touba thengnade. Masigi maram karigino?

Meghen: Manipur gee mapaanda target touba party gee publication di English ta puthok-ee. Khudam oina ‘Why Manipuris Fight for Right to National Self Determination’ asini. Hindi da puthoktuna India manungda circulate toubadi leitri. Konnadi tourakpasu yai. Masi eikhoigee awatpa amani haina louba yai.

Malem: (Research) Adomgi party na research ta base touba scientific paper fongdaba or internet ta thiba fanghandabagi maram karino?

Meghen: Houjiksi struggle gee matam oibana masigee immediate requirement sing yengsinnaba hotnabada atei mathou taabasing menkhatpa ngamdri. Aduga research ta base touba scientific paper singsu party manunggee amadi naknaba circule singdata circulate touri. Aduna masi internet tasu thamdabani.

Malem: (Horizon) Adomgi party na press ta happa cherol pumnamak Manipur manunggi issue kharada yumfam oi. Malem gi thakta adomna issue raise toude. Aduna adomgi party gi wakhallon, tactics and network asi international oide haiba wafam asida kari mot leibibage?

Meghen: Party na press ta haappa cherol singda, mapung oina, Manipur manunggee issue singda yumpham oi haibasi chummi. Maramdi cherol sing asigee target people di eikhoigee meeyamni. International community natte. International level da issue raise toubadi atoppa channel dagi chatthei.

 

X
Burning issues

 

Malem: (Inner Line Permit) ILP gi khongjanggi matangda adomgi mot thambiyu.

Meghen: ILP or anything, Manipur da meetop changba control/ check touba amadi haana changkhibasing thidoklaga halhakhiba gee khongjang asi party nasu support touee.

Malem: (AFSPA) AFSPA repeal gi matangda adomgi mot thambiyu.

Meghen: Eikhoigee ningtam lanhougee mityeng dadi AFSPA, as such, thoina relevance leite. Maramdi, India government na eikhoigee ningtam lanhou asi namthanaba hotnabada dracoinial law sijinnarakpa haibasi soidabani. Aduna, party gee mityengdadi AFSPA gee maiyokta chouraba meeyamgee eehou/khollao asi essentially India gee inhuman oiba colonial crimes against inhumanity adugee mayoktani. Masina content ni, AFSPA di content asi utliba form aduni. Adubu masi repeal touhanba haibasi eikhoigee anti-colonial repression gee maiyokta chatthaba eehougee symbolic victory ama oigani.

Malem: (Peace) Shanti purakpagi matangda adomgi mot thambiyu.

Meghen: Peace haibasi party su paammi. Adubu Manipur gee asengba lasting peace ti Manipur-India conflict asi satisfactorily resolve touraba matamdata oithokpa yagani.

Malem: (Democracy) Democracy leihanbagi matangda adomgi mot thambiyu.

Meghen: UNLF asi democracy da thaajaba party ni. Adubu democracy gee universal principles adu leijaragasu masi Manipur gee reality da apply toubagee specific characteristics leigani.

Malem: (Warlordism) Khutlai paiba warlords mayam thorakpagi matangda adomgi mot thambiyu.

Meghen: Khutlai-paiba warlord mayam thorakpasi, basically ningtam lanhou gee asonba leibanani haiba yai. Adubu, ningtam lanhou asibu sonthahannaba, haibadi meeyam dagee isolate touhannaba, Indian Occupation Forces (AR, CRPF and Indian Army) amadi State police commando singna surrender touraba traitor sing sjinnaduna makhoi bu warlord oina semgatli. Peisa extortion touhalli. Piyu yadraga bomb langsilhalli. Amadi nongmei kapsilhalli. Aduna warlordism asi yeknabagee game amani.

Malem: (Communalism) Manipur manunggi oiba communalism gi matangda adomgi mot thambiyu.

Meghen: Tasengbadi Manipur manungda communalism haibasi leitabani. Leisu leirakte. Adubu vested interest kharana maru oina, India Government na, tongan tongaba means and forms da communalism asi sandoknaba encourage touduna laak-ee. Adubu ngasisu meecham meeyamdi communal oidri. Supnagee atei apikpa phurup singgee educated elite na makhoigee political interest kidamak communal oiba agenda da divide tounaba hotnabani.

 Malem: (Class question) Manipur da laira inakkhunbagi khallon khennabagi chang amasung fivamgi matangda adomgi mot thambiyu.

Meghen: Mathaktasu wapham asigee matangda phongdokkhre.

Malem: (Guerrilla war) Yeknabaga mayoknakhiba lanfamsinggi matangda adomgi narratives thambiyu.

Meghen: Yeknaba IOF ka achou achouba laanpham kaya soknakhre. Masida mapung oina guerrilla warefare sijinnakhi. Adubu conventional warfare gee mawongda sokankhiba laanphamsu yaokhi. Laanpham sing asida IOF ta casualty yamna leikhi. UNLF/ MPA di minimum casualty leikhi. Sonakhiba laanpham sing yamna valuable oiba military knowledge khangkhi.

Malem: (Stage of Revolution) Manipur gi stage of revolution gi matangda adomgi mot thambiyu.

Meghen: Houjik changsilliba ekhoigee revolution gee tangkak asi democratic revolution gi tangkhakni. Maramdi national liberation struggle asisu democratic revolution gee kaanba yadaba tangkak ni. Eikhoigee democratic revolution asigee characteristics ti leipakki ningtamba hanjinbaga loinana meeyamgee ningtamba peenaba democratic reforms chatthagadaba maramna revolution gee tangkak asibu UNLF na “National People’s Democratic Revolution” haina khangnei.

 

Name: Sana Yaima
Designation: Chairman
Name of the Party: United National Liberation Front
Signature:
Date: 31 January 2013

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